目前日期文章:200502 (76)

瀏覽方式: 標題列表 簡短摘要
去吃茹斯葵 花了我五十美金
只覺得深深的不值得 真是不值得
雖然不能夠說肉不好吃 但是一客三十塊的紐約牛排
實在是沒那個價值
提供大家一個在自家做牛排的破解法
這方法 試過的人不少 幾乎沒有人失敗過........
有興趣的 馬上試一試吧~~~

工具
厚鐵平底鍋一隻
厚磁盤一個

1. 牛肉的選擇

請到 costco 去挑牛排, 基本上茹斯葵使用的是 wet-aged 濕式熟成的牛排
我那天吃到的 甚至比我自家做的肉質差. 光有肉汁 卻沒肉味,
因為我們自己做的話, 可以一塊一塊慢慢挑肉, 可是外面不行....
選用 USDA certified Black Angus 就可以了
牛排千萬不能冷凍 一冷凍解凍 肉汁全跑了
但是 costco 的牛排, 一次要買三塊, 所以請找幾個人分享之....
選擇牛排的要件是, 看牛肉的顏色, 牛肉以鮮紅色為佳
暗紅色的 代表已經跟空氣氧化了,
另外 油脂的分布 當然以多而細膩為主
還有 拿起來看看牛排的保利龍盒底下有沒有血水
血水越少越好, 代表這牛排是剛切不久的
其實 如果人夠多的話 我倒是建議說 買真空包裝的整條紐約
然後大家分切...真的很便宜

2. 牛排前處理
costco 的牛排 大約是切成一吋到一吋半厚, 厚一點的牛排才好
這樣才可以保留肉汁, 上好的牛排, 多加香料只會破壞肉味,
所以, 只需要在牛排兩片抹上鹽跟黑胡椒就可以了
多了不好, 因為牛排會太鹹
醃十分鐘後 在兩面抹上橄欖油

3. 用一個厚重的平底鍋, 不要用不沾鍋, 因為這方法很傷鍋子.......
把窗戶跟抽風機通通打開 抽油煙機開到最大...
然後鍋子在瓦斯爐上空燒十五分鐘 (如果你怕燒焦的話 那可燒五分鐘就好)
不需要放油, 把牛排(建議用夾子)放上去.....若是一吋厚的牛排
兩面各煎四分鐘, 一吋半兩面煎五分鐘. 就可以到 medium rare 的程度了
這樣煎出來的牛排, 表面是棕色的的脆皮, 肉汁一滴都不會漏出來.
你可以就這樣吃, 或者是像茹絲葵做法

4. 在煎牛排同時把磁盤加熱, 我個人討厭茹斯葵把磁盤弄得那麼熱 肉都過熟了
加到稍微燙手即可, 然後把融化的奶油(請用動物性奶油) 加上巴西利碎末
放在磁盤上, 把煎好的牛排放上去就可以了

成本大約美金七元, 茹斯葵賣一客三十元美金
實在有夠搶人的

建議配上 cabernet sauvignon
不需要太好, washington crest 這個有點潑辣的紅酒還滿配的

PS 這是我很受歡迎的一個食譜,故貼在這與大家分享!

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(8) 人氣()

【】
【】
【】

連結在此
連結在此
連結在此
免費遊戲17--技巧為重
訓練手眼協調
















晴空高爾夫
架空的土地
調整角度與力道
打進有旗子的島
連結在此










打靶
連結在此










練桌球
對空托球一百下
連結在此


免費遊戲18-----普普藝術
cheesecake VS beefcake
montage-a-google
孤狗蒙太奇
鍵入關鍵字
拼貼圖片
例圖的關鍵字是
bob stakke--插畫家
連結在此
















快樂藥丸
吃太多
會死喔
連結在此
















色彩遊戲
直覺作答
心理分析
頗有道理
練習英文
加油加油
連結在此


堆方塊
堆得跟範例一樣
http://www.ebaumsworld.com/stackopolis.html

馬力歐射擊
http://marioworld.jarkey.net/

極簡風跑步遊戲
http://www.boredmuch.com/view.php?id=216



免費遊戲18-----笑一笑
















T FACE="標楷體" SIZE=5>
別被警察伯伯抓走喔
連結在此
















【K你老闆】
拿起十種神器
揍他之前
先聽聽他說甚麼吧
蠻逼真蠻有趣的
嫌人/要求加班/
瞧不起人/威脅恐嚇
真欠揍哩
連結在此
















【便便超人遙控器】
嗯...如題
十項全能啊
連結在此



腳踏車撞人
http://i-am-bored.com/bored_link.cfm?link_id=8639

Demon Balls
紅的藍的
趕到一塊兒
http://www.boredmuch.com/view.php?id=193

湯姆漢克聲音譜
http://www.boredmuch.com/view.php?id=252


這是甚麼溝
上半身的
還是
下半身的
http://www.zipperfish.com/free/quiz/boobs-butt-shoulder-pop.html


SIZE有差
100題喔
猜胸部SIZE的遊戲
旁白也搞笑
http://www.zipperfish.com/free/quiz/bra-quiz-pop.html


MINI高爾夫
http://www.zipperfish.com/free/games/minigolf.html

解救MILKI W
解迷
http://www.marleentimmer.com/worteldrie/milkiw/english/intro.html

拼圖
http://puzzaz.blitzdsgames.com/

asteroids
經典太空射擊遊戲
http://www.80smusiclyrics.com/games/asteroids/asteroids.swf

碰碰車
http://www.portalvertigo.com/jugar.php?id=513

賽車
http://www.zefrank.com/racinggame/index.html

邱比特的復仇
http://www.domanistudios.com/kidcupid/

俄羅斯輪盤
http://www.owensworld.com/flashgames/play.php?id=431

街舞教學
http://www.owensworld.com/flashgames/play.php?id=15

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

「神鬼玩家」是敘述美國傳奇富豪霍華休斯的電影,片中有許多高爾夫場景。其中一幕,霍華休斯開著飛機到片場,邀約奧斯卡影后凱薩琳赫本去打高爾夫。女主角隨他飛離片場,去打了九洞球,兩人譜出戀曲。

這一幕,一點也不誇張。霍華休斯的真實人生,對高爾夫極為癡迷,他第一次墜機時都選在最熟悉的高爾夫球場迫降。他與凱薩琳赫本之間最被人津津樂道的是,某次,二人相約在Bel-Air打球,開球時間是下午一時,凱薩琳中午就到了,休斯一直未露面,許多人打賭,休斯不會來了。

12時55分,休斯開著私人飛機停在球道上,很準時的和凱薩琳站上發球台。九洞完畢,休斯發現他的飛機被鍊鎖起來,上面還貼了罰單2000美元,休斯二話不說,開了支票,繼續打後九洞。

休斯是Lakeside俱樂部的會員,他有個固定的高爾夫球伴艾姆──前美國業餘錦標賽冠軍。每周三次球,每球必賭,每賭必輸,每次他都很爽快的付出500元支票,休斯輸了很久,都不改其賭,有一次,終於休斯贏了,艾姆卻很囉嗦,而且還說,「是你運氣好啦! 」休斯忍無可忍的說: 「以後,我不再和你打球了。」艾姆於是失去了每周1500元的「球敘」,那是60年前的美國,這筆收入以當時物價指數而言是天價賭金。

休斯是德州石油商之子,家境富裕,中學時被送到波士頓的私立名校,不過,他不愛念書,卻學會了高爾夫。他曾經夢想拿下美國公開冠軍,美國十大球場之一的Riviera的駐場球師韓特,曾經指導休斯打球,休斯狂練三個月,他問韓特:「我有可能贏美國公開賽嗎 」韓特很實際的指出,「晉級,沒問題,要贏,不太容易。」從此,休斯就封桿了。

休斯創造的財富及事業,遠比他父親留給他的還多。他在電影業及航空事業的夢想及成就,是美國最傳奇的故事,位居沙漠的拉斯維加斯能夠成為賭城,也是休斯的傑作。他把TWA航空公司賣了6億5千萬美元,好萊塢盛傳,那張支票在他口袋裡放了半年。

休斯的生活仍是一團謎。1976年他病危時搭著私人機送進醫院,由於他隱居太久,沒有人看過他晚年的模樣,美國財政部動用指紋檢驗,才証實亡者的確是休斯。他留下20億的遺產,400多人爭相認親,最後,由22位表兄弟姊妹等人繼承。

【2005/02/22 民生報】 @ http://udn.com

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(1) 人氣()

去印度旅行的時候,在旅館煮咖啡,喝起來半鹹不甜,十分古怪,還以為他們的咖啡是調味的,刷牙時才霍然而悟,原來是水,那裡的水質帶鹽鹵味,所以煮出鹹咖啡。

印度茶多以牛奶和香料烹成,濃馥鹹甘,除了因為口味偏嗜,恐怕與水質有關,欲蓋不住,索性彌彰。英國茶跟印度有樣學樣,但只學半套加牛奶,我懷疑也因水質之故,英國水硬重多鈣,雖無鹹味卻帶澀苦,加糖和奶可以柔化口感。

在香港,我喝的是廣東來的東江水,水質平軟,味道麻麻地,隱約有股灰撲撲的油悶氣,到了春夏,就轉為鮮明尖利的氯味,彷彿染滿泳池折射的藍光。然而東江的上游不是泳池,是雞欄、豬圈、魚塘、工廠、水泥廠,溷雜各種生活的行跡氣味,飲水最好不要思源。

但即使這樣都要偷笑,這水至少不毒不硬不鹹。近年來廣東乾旱,江河日下水位低落,海水倒灌湧入河口,春冬時節,珠三角經常爆發「鹹潮」,今年情況嚴重,還老遠從貴州調來河水「壓鹹補淡」,紓緩鹹災。東江還算好,西江比較慘,下游的澳門珠海飽嚐自來鹹,澳門朋友阿樹早已見怪不怪,還自嘲說,「幾好呀,煲湯唔使落鹽,有天然海鹽哩!」

曾經滄海難為水,我是埔里人,雖然在窮山惡水的台北長大,總算也吃過甜冽好水,以及由好水滋生的茭白筍、紅甘蔗和埔里水粉,照理說,嘴斗和眼界都應該高些。無奈人離鄉賤,浪泊在外,水土風物沒得挑揀,適者生存,舌頭和神經都要磨粗一點,習而久之,遂頑冥駑鈍,劣水粗茶也逆來順受。

現代人懵然不識水味,只認得礦泉水的品牌。和古人相比,我們雖可誇耀自來水,但其實是不懂得喝水的味盲,因為既少甘泉好水,也欠缺能鑒賞的喉舌,更沒有細品慢咂,悠長如河的大把時間。

明人張岱的《閔老子茶》,寫兩個茶癡高手過招,不僅能喝出茶葉的產地、製法與採季,還能明辨水味。閔老子為取好水,從南京遠赴無錫的惠泉,半夜汲出新泉,以山石鋪在甕底,輕舟順風回航,以避震動搖晃,防止水味勞敝澀滯。

而《食物本草》的水部,更臚列出近千種溪河泉潭,細述各地的水性水味,讀之令人嘆止。除了清甘芳潤,寒燥有別,好水尚能養生補身,例如惠泉水,可以補五臟益精神,久飲輕身不老;鄱陽湖水能「蕩滌胸中邪氣,消除心上憂愁」;蘭溪水可清神添文思,珍珠泉治陰虛火盛,丹泉令人「悅顏耐老」,聰穎泉令人穎慧,廉泉貪泉令人清廉或貪瀆--原來中國各地有不少貪泉。

可惜,這些好水泰半已枯涸竭澤,剩下的涓涓滴滴,備受汙染奄奄一息,水味與功效已經無從印證。中國有三分之二的城市缺水,全球有四十億人喝著不安全的水,而在世界的缺水國家中,台灣竟然高居第十八名。

想到未來山窮水盡,不見水深只有火熱,我不禁患起「恐水症」,心驚膽跳杞憂不已。欲就麻姑買滄海,一杯春露冷如冰,來日大難,真怕只剩下杯水車薪,而且那杯水還是鹹的。

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

2005.02.25  中國時報21世紀的東地中海四國,有著多樣化的風貌。本版推薦的十大必遊景點,在傳統與現代中散發迷人魅力,吸引著旅人不斷前往一親芳澤......

位在亞洲與非洲交接處的約旦、敘利亞、黎巴嫩、以色列四國,為人類文明史的源頭,在還沒有國家概念的時代,這個位在兩河流域邊緣的方位為古老民族的舞台,亞述、巴比倫、腓尼基、波斯、希臘羅馬都在此地留下痕跡;而往來鎮頻仍的東西商旅則在這條大絲路上創造了繁華韻事。十字軍東征、宗教的紛紛擾擾,讓這片土地不斷在興建、摧毀、興建、摧毀中反反覆覆,過程中的遺跡成了人類歷史演進的重要印記。21世紀的東地中海四國,在傳統與現代中散發迷人的魅力。
焦點1 Allepo 阿勒頗

國家:敘利亞

必訪原因:古城新生新面貌

想要在有5、600年歷史的老建築裡,啜飲敘利亞紅酒、居住在有歷史感的旅店裡看著湛藍天空,敘利亞第二大城阿勒頗就是見證老鎮新生的地方。

在原有的古蹟建築裡,是一家一家的風格餐館、旅店、酒吧,穿梭在石板巷弄中,彷彿走入歷史情境。而洋溢在地人氣味的市集,則是採買當地香料、藝品的好地方。舊城區旁的城堡為羅馬式建築,登上城堡的頂端可鳥瞰現代與歷史遺跡交會的阿勒頗樣貌。

焦點2 Apamea 阿帕美

國家:敘利亞

必訪原因:長達1800公尺的列柱大道

在敘利亞與黎巴嫩邊境的阿帕美,是著迷於列柱大道的旅人一定要實地「踩踏」的地方,長達1800公尺完整的列柱大道,一路與山谷的地形互相輝映,一趟走下來一點也不單調。

阿帕美在西元前3世紀開始建造,現在看到的遺跡則是西元115年留下的列柱。除了主要的愛奧尼亞式、多立克式、柯林斯式外的柱頭外,這裡可以看到全世界唯一的螺旋柱,非常難得。

焦點3 Palmyra 帕密拉

國家:敘利亞

必訪原因:絲路名城

綠洲城市帕密拉,是過去東西方商旅交會時的重要驛站,在西元前3世紀到西元3世紀這600年間,帕密拉靠課商旅們的稅,而成為大絲路上最富庶的城市,當時從東方運絲綢、香料、珠寶到西方的商人一定會在此歇腳。

走進帕密拉的遺跡區,即可感受當年繁榮的景象,恢弘的列柱大道、精雕華麗的貝爾神殿、劇場、石像…見證了當時的燦爛。想要俯瞰整個城市的規模,可到鄰近廢棄的碉堡,建議傍晚上碉堡,一方面可以看夕陽,一方面感受黃昏時多變的光影灑落在這個綠洲名城的溫潤色澤。

焦點4 Damascus 大馬士革

國家:敘利亞

必訪原因:世界上最古老城市之一,西元前5000年就有人定居

敘利亞這片土地上,至少有7個帝國在此輪替,首都大馬士革自古至今一直扮演重要角色,更有「中東珍珠」的美譽。西元前5000年就有人在此定居,亞伯拉罕、耶穌、耶穌的門徒保羅、穆罕默德等在各宗教經典裡記載的人物,都在這個城市住過,使得大馬士革處處有著「神」聖的傳奇。

大馬士革最吸引人的景致,就是從羅馬時代遺留下來的舊城區,值得花一天慢慢遊走。城區裡的市集與歐瑪亞清真寺為參訪焦點,市集裡販賣著乾果、地毯、桌巾、橄欖肥皂,以及中東品質最佳的甜點。而從基督教堂改建的歐瑪亞清真寺是伊斯蘭世界的第四大清真寺,不少教徒來此朝聖。

焦點5 Beirut 貝魯特

國家:黎巴嫩

必訪原因:中東時尚之城

絕大部分的人對於中東的印象,總是黃沙滾滾、人臉上包塊布只露出兩個眼睛;然而當實際走入中東城市,感受都會的節奏與氣氛時,才發現中東現代風情的迷人,黎巴嫩的首都貝魯特就是會讓人一再流連的地方。

自1990年內戰後,貝魯特積極重建,此刻的貝魯特是中東的時尚之都,優雅、閒適的氣氛瀰漫大家小巷,只有行車到過去內戰所損毀的公寓時,才會猛然想起這裡曾經發生的緊張感。

由於貝魯特緊鄰地中海,是中東難得一見的海洋城市,市區內的「考古博物館」是文化之旅必訪之地。

焦點6 Ba'lbek 巴勒貝克

國家:黎巴嫩

必訪原因:羅馬古蹟中最華麗的神殿

又名「太陽城」的巴勒貝克,自古以來就是宗教聖地,當中保有羅馬帝國遺跡中規模最大的神殿;尤其邱比特神殿中遺留的6根科林斯式石柱,每一根直徑有2.2公尺、高12.34公尺,巨大的讓人震撼,難以想像當時如何進行這般巨大工程。

而遺跡中的酒神神殿、月神神殿等古蹟,也以精緻的雕工、華麗的設計,凸顯巴勒貝克在當時的輝煌。

巴勒貝克每年夏天都有藝術節Baalbek Festival,民眾可在古城欣賞歌劇、爵士樂與詩歌,詳情上網www.baalbeck.org.lb 。

焦點7 Bybols 比布魯斯

國家:黎巴嫩

必訪原因:英文字母的發源地

位在貝魯特北方的海港小鎮比布魯斯,曾經是古代地中海最繁榮的港口,考古學家在這個史前腓尼基人的聚落裡,發現現代英文字母的源頭,當時腓尼基人創造的22個字母表(只少了I、E、W、X),即為英文字母的前身。

比布魯斯當地的觀光單位,有規劃徒步旅行的建議路線,讓觀光客可以從容欣賞羅馬人遺留下來的石臼、腓尼基人染色時所用的壺、神殿、劇場等。考古之旅結束後,不妨在臨海的海鮮餐廳,品味史前腓尼基也嘗過的魚鮮滋味。

焦點8 Jerusalem 耶路撒冷

國家:以色列

必訪原因:世界三大宗教的聖城

聖城耶路撒冷是世界三大宗教:基督教、猶太教、伊斯蘭教的聖地,無論就歷史的角度,還是宗教、文化的眼光,都是一生至少要去一次的地方。

坐落在朱迪亞山丘上的耶路撒冷擁有5000年的歷史,也是古代大衛王的首都,「聖地」的封號讓耶路撒冷天天擠滿人,遑論重要的宗教節日。

耶路撒冷的參觀焦點包括:猶太人哭訴悲哀命運之地的「哭牆」、耶穌背負十字架所走的「悲哀之路」(Via Dolorosa)、君士坦丁大帝所建的聖墓教堂等。而距離耶路撒冷7公里距離的伯利恆為耶穌誕生地,每年耶誕節這裡總是聚集來自世界各地的基督徒,舉辦大型的慶祝活動。

焦點9 Dead Sea 死海

國家:約旦、以色列

必訪原因:世界表面的最低點,感受超浮力

死海是中東的美容聖地,低於海平面414公尺的標高,是地球表面最低點的地方,而海水的含鹽量為一般海水的4倍,並且富含礦物質,是愛美一族的度假、養生焦點;因此在以色列與約旦死海,度假村是一家接著一家開,約旦的度假村費用較為經濟。由於死海浮力超強,無論躺或是坐都可輕鬆漂浮。

行遊約旦的死海,可與尼波山同遊,相傳摩西埋葬於此;亦可順遊馬賽克之城馬達巴,欣賞從6世紀流傳下來的馬賽克地圖。

焦點10 Petra 佩特拉

國家:約旦

必訪原因:走進電影「法櫃奇兵」的玫瑰城

距離首都約旦安曼300多公里的佩特拉,是走訪約旦必訪之地,好萊塢註明的冒險電影如「法櫃奇兵」、「聖戰奇兵」都在此取景,連2004年百事可樂的百事巨星廣告也在這裡拍攝,可見此處景致讓人震撼的程度。

這個隱藏於砂岩裂縫山谷中的古老城市,在陽光的照射下有玫瑰般的色彩,所以又被稱為玫瑰之城(Rose City),參訪焦點「寶藏」是完全在巨石山壁裡刻畫出來神殿,2000多年前神妙的雕刻技術令人在在驚嘆。

在佩特拉有幾間旅店,建議旅人可夜宿於此,感受夜晚的古城風情。

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

高爾夫的電影好多部,電影院不上、百視達卻有租:Bobby Jones, AStroke of Genius(高球大滿貫),非常值得一看。

業餘球王鮑比瓊斯(Bobby Jones)真人真事,同一年度內勇奪四大賽(US Open, The Open, US Amateur, British Amateur)冠軍,媒體因而創造了「大滿貫」(Grand Slam)名詞。女主角是個人覺得很有獨特風味的Claire Forlani飾演。

Bobby Jones, A Stroke of Genius(高球大滿貫):
★★★★ 本來三顆半,加半顆給Claire Forlani…

Happy Gilmore(高爾夫也瘋狂):
★★★☆ 看了三遍還是會笑!

The Legend of Baggar Vance(重返榮耀):
★★★☆ 節奏慢、但是取景運鏡佳。

Tin Cup(千萬風情):
★★☆ Kevin Costner永遠能把什麼電影都變成愛情片…

Caddy Shack(瘋狂高爾夫):
★★★★☆ 經典、爆笑!

Caddy Shack II(瘋狂高爾夫續集):
☆ 為什麼續集一定要那麼爛?

…以上完全主觀…有話要嗆的,請至http://netinn.udn.com/leaders/38golf.html

【2005/02/22 民生報】 @ http://udn.com

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

2005/02/25美國伊利諾州一名女子利用她與男友口交後所得的男友精液懷孕生子,結果被男友控告詐欺和竊盜,伊利諾州上訴法院24日做出重要判決,指男子在敦倫過程中送出的精液,屬於送給對方的一種「絕對無法返還的禮物」,女方事後若利用這些精液進行人工懷孕並生子,不構成詐欺或竊盜罪名。

這起發生在兩名男女醫師之間的奇特案件必須追溯到6年前,原告菲利普斯和被告艾恩絲兩人曾有過肉體接觸。兩年後,菲利普斯突遭艾恩絲提起一名小孩的確認生父之訴,隨後的DNA檢驗,證實他確為孩子的生父,必須支付每月800美元的養育費。菲利普斯認為自己被女方「設計」,向法院提出詐欺、竊盜及連帶的民事賠償告訴。
菲利普斯向法院指稱,對方有計畫地利用兩人某次口交機會欺騙並竊得他的精液來懷孕生子。事發後他身陷夢魘之苦,且因過度煩惱和精神壓力,導致長時間飲食及睡眠失調,為此他決控告對方。艾恩絲則以她的行為不算過度極端、對方所稱的精神痛苦還不到需要賠償的程度作為抗辯。

上訴法院認定,男人送出的精液屬收受者「擁有絕對產權」的禮物,支持下級法院所作艾恩絲勝訴的判決。唯判決指出,若原告所說艾恩絲利用口交取得精液來懷孕屬實,的確可能對菲利普斯造成精神傷害,因而裁定將精神傷害的民事官司發回原審法院重審。

菲利普斯在上訴法院做出判決後,尚未對外發表意見,艾恩絲的律師則從親情角度對精神傷害官司發回重審表示不滿。他說:「孩子現已5歲,孩子若得知自己出生令父親痛苦,叫他情何以堪!」

2005.02.25  中時晚報
【新聞分析】精子 不算動產
黃哲民

外電報導女子幫男友口交時「私吞」對方精液,事後吐出來進行人工受孕成功,卻被男友反控竊盜。法界人士聽說這個案例大多捧腹,笑稱這種事發生在國內的話,也很難構成竊盜罪,因為我國竊盜罪名處罰的是「財產犯罪」,但是精子目前還不算是可以「自由買賣交易」的物品呢。

刑法第320條的竊盜罪,是指「意圖為自己或第三人不法之所有,而竊取他人之動產」。所謂「動產」,必須是有價值,且能在市面流通交易的物品,例如車子、珠寶。
目前雖然有「精子銀行」的存在,捐精者或許也可取得一些報酬,不過精子畢竟還無法稱斤論兩的賣。

法界人士說,人體器官至今還不能合法公開交易,何況只是「器官分泌物」的精子,自然算不上「動產」,頂多屬於民法上定義的「物」。但是「物」的主人既然拋棄佔有,撿到的人當然沒有竊盜責任。

「沒幾個男人會在嘿咻後,還跟女方要回自己的分泌物吧」,1位男檢察官笑著說。另1位男法官指出,男人在「射」了之後,和那坨「分泌物」的關係,就有如民法觀念中的「拋棄佔有」,基於「無主物先佔」的原則,女方拿走當戰利品也不犯法,除非男的表態要拿回去。「不過這種事很難開口耶」。

更有趣的是,有人戲稱,法官駁回男方的指控,因為這是女方的「勞務所得」。聽到這個結果,法官檢察官笑得肚子都痛了,紛紛好奇這是哪個國家的創意判決。因為在國內,大家關切的,應該是小孩出生後衍生的監護、扶養與繼承等一大堆的頭痛事呢。


2005.02.25  中時晚報
口交留精 擒色狼
戴志揚/台北報導

日前國內也發生一件女子「智取惡狼」的性侵害案件,一名女子夜歸時回家,遭到不名歹徒一路尾隨,等待該名女子開啟公寓大門時,歹徒竟然在樓梯間持出尖刀,將該名女子押上頂樓,然後試圖予以性侵害。

但是該名女子強烈反抗,並哀求歹徒,謊稱自己月事來潮不方便,希望放過她一馬,但是這匹惡狼仍露出兇殘的本性,要求女子替她口交,並變態的射精在其口中,事後從容的逃逸。
該名女子慘遭摩爪之後,卻處變不驚,口中含著精液倉皇逃回家中,並將精液吐在一條手帕上,梳洗完畢後,然後帶著「證物」前往警局報警。

警方最後根據該名女子提供的「證物」,經過刑事局比對DNA,意外的發現與一名經常橫行於台北縣市,曾經犯下多起性侵害案件的歹徒吻合,最後將該名惡狼順利逮捕到案。

偵辦該起案件的警方相當佩服被害人的冷靜,並認為這是一起女性遭受性侵害時,能準確保存證物的最佳示範。

警方強調,當女性遭受性侵害時,不管事前或是事後,千萬不可以慌張,除了可以防止激起歹徒的慾望之外,還可以留下歹徒重要的跡證,此舉對於警方擒捕惡狼時,絕對有重要的幫助。

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

2005.02.25  中時晚報 羅蘭巴特(Roland Barthes)在他著名的神話學(Mythologie)一書中寫道:「對法國來說,葡萄酒就像是她特有的財產,它是法國的圖騰飲料…」,可不是嗎,說到法國特產,第一個提到的就是葡萄酒。

法國人對葡萄酒的確情有獨鍾,不過隨著生活型態改變、對飲食健康的注重、對酗酒問題的宣導,法國人每年喝下的葡萄酒量比起30年前減少了40%。
隨著時代變遷,這個圖騰飲料的光環逐漸沾上污點。酗酒問題最先讓葡萄酒的高尚大打折扣:法國和許多其他國家不同的是,酗酒人口大多依賴葡萄酒,而非烈酒或啤酒。接下來是酒後駕車造成的事故:每年交通死亡事故30%的元凶就是酒。

1990年衛生部長Evin頒布一道禁令:為了減低煙酒消耗量,禁止法國出現任何菸酒(烈酒除外)廣告,這條法令稱為Evin法。

酒農酒商們度了幾個小月,終於受不了而出言抱怨,須知酒國中不乏權、錢在握的有力人士,抱怨立即傳到政府耳裡,以速件處理,無視醫療、社福團體反對聲浪,議會已於2月份通過二讀,即將放寬對葡萄酒廣告的限制。

新規範要求廣告不可危害公眾健康,然而廣告的訴求不就是要「刺激消費」嗎?這個弔詭的界線是:廣告可以突顯葡萄酒的顏色、氣味、口感、產地,但不能邀請人飲用,是「告知性」而非「刺激性」;就像我告知你「這個女人金髮碧眼、巨乳豐臀、脣紅齒白、小蠻腰…」,可是「我沒叫你跟她上床」,虛偽的程度比假道學還假,大概只有政客能夠掌握。


砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

2005.02.24 蛋包飯(omlette)帶給人的幸福感覺,日劇迷已在竹內結子挑綱演出的「午餐女王」中表露無遺,一切開金黃色的蛋皮,濃濃鮮活的蛋汁就順著珍珠般的白飯流了出來,這樣的蛋包飯,現在到西門町就吃得到,而且一開就是專賣店,一口氣推出10種口味,價錢從99元到230元不等,試賣近1個月來果然反應熱絡。本周六上午11點半,還有免費招待前50位拿著自行彩繪彩蛋報到的消費者,免費吃基本款「黃金歐姆蛋包飯」的活動。

國內第一家蛋包飯專賣店「蛋蛋屋」是麻布茶房、香芙蕾、代官山系列店的姊妹店,由展圓國際從日本引進國內。這次還結合西雅圖咖啡連鎖店,結合咖啡與蛋包飯的美味,豐富下午茶選擇。旗艦店就選在哈日族最常逛的西門町真善美戲院樓下。
蛋包飯的基本元素是金黃蛋皮再加上炒至珍珠般的白飯,非要透過熟練高超的捲蛋包飯的手藝,蛋包飯才能完美無瑕送到消費者面前。蛋蛋屋私下表示,光是為了訓練員工能把蛋包飯做得漂漂亮亮,沒有破損,就不知消耗了幾百箱的鮮雞蛋!

在蛋蛋屋,「歐姆」成了蛋包飯的代稱。在風味上,蛋蛋屋的蛋包飯為了和一般和風料理店有區隔,研發了10種口味,區分為3個系列,包括黃金系列、焗烤系列和幸福系列,最便宜的是99元的茄汁歐姆,野菜奶油歐姆則是淋上白醬汁,每份120元。喜歡吃辣,不妨選擇150元的和風麻婆歐姆。幸福系列的日式豬排歐姆人氣很高,即使價位達200元,但是一切開蛋皮,就有蛋汁流出,愛吃蛋包飯的人就是要這個視覺和味覺上都滿足的感受。

蛋包飯(omlette)帶給人的幸福感覺,日劇迷已在竹內結子挑綱演出的「午餐女王」中表露無遺,一切開金黃色的蛋皮,濃濃鮮活的蛋汁就順著珍珠般的白飯流了出來,這樣的蛋包飯,現在到西門町就吃得到(見圖,陳君瑋攝)

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(6) 人氣()

Whether they're strapped to our belts, sitting on our desks, or jammed in an overstuffed closet, we absolutely love our gadgets.

So it wasn't exactly easy coming up with the definitive list of the 100 best gadgets ever unleashed. In the weeks we spent debating the entries, tempers were flared, fingers were pointed, chairs were smashed over heads, and feelings were hurt. But we emerged, like Moses from the mountain, with the world's most authoritative ranking of the best gadgets of all time.

But let's lay some ground rules before we get started. What defines a "gadget" anyway?

* It has to have electronic and/or moving parts of some kind. Scissors count, but the knife does not.
* It has to be a self-contained apparatus that can be used on its own, not a subset of another device. The flashlight counts; the light bulb does not. The notebook counts, but the hard drive doesn't.
* It has to be smaller than the proverbial bread box. This is the most flexible of the categories, since gadgets have gotten inexorably smaller over time. But in general we included only items that were potentially mobile: The Dustbuster counts; the vacuum cleaner doesn't.

In the end, we tried to get to the heart of what really makes a gadget a gadget.

100. NSI BEDAZZLER, 1970s
Developed by Long Island-based NSI Innovations, the BeDazzler has been turning humdrum garments into glitzy gear for years. Whoever thought a souped-up stapler would become synonymous with anything adorned with rhinestones? So far, millions have been sold, so it looks as if it's here to stay.

99. SWINGLINE 747 STAPLER, 2002
Stapling technology dates back to the 1700s, when an unknown inventor created a stapler for King Louis XV of France, but staplers came to the everyman with the Swingline magazine stapler, invented in 1938. Of these, the most iconic is Milton's fire-engine red Swingline from the movie Office Space, first manufactured in 2002 due to demand from the film.

98. PEZ DISPENSER, 1927
Pez isn't the mystery ingredient that makes this candy so tasty; it's an abbreviation for the German for Pfeffermintz (peppermint). Today, Pez comes in lots more flavors, but who cares? We just like the little poppin' head dispensers.

97. MATTEL INTELLIVISION, 1980
Intellivision had better graphics than the Atari 2600, but not nearly as many games. Its keypad interface was just too sophisticated for its time, like the three-button mouse.

96. OLYMPUS ZUIKO PEARLCORDER, 1970
What device promised as much for the budding Bob Woodward as the pocket microcassette recorder? You could grab impromptu interviews, record off-the-cuff memos, capture brilliant thoughts on the fly, and have your friends tape class lectures you were too lazy to attend yourself. Sheer brilliance! It almost didn't matter that recordings sounded as if they'd been made at the bottom of a lake.

95. CARL ZEISS VICTORY 8 X 42 T*FL BINOCULARS, 2004
Most telescopes show images upside down and backward: Fine for stargazing, but really disorienting if you're trying to track a red-breasted nuthatch on the wing. Binoculars put the image right-side up using a pair of prisms inside each lens barrel, which also makes them more compact. And you don't have to squint to use them. Historians credit Italian Ignacio Porro with inventing this prism system in 1854; by 1894, commercial binoculars were available from Zeiss. The company's $1,550 Victory binoculars are still the lustworthy top of the line for birdwatchers, hunters, and urban Peeping Toms.

94. SCHICK ELECTRIC RAZOR, 1931
Jacob Schick believed that men could live to the age of 120 by shaving the right way, every day. To further than end, Schick invented the electric razor in 1928 and released the first commercial one three years later ... before dying in 1937 at the age of 49. Today, 30 percent of men use electric shavers.

93. COLUMBIA GRAPHOPHONE DICTAPHONE, 1907
Edison invented it, but Bell made it better. While the phonograph made audio recording possible, the Dictaphone brought voice recording to desktops everywhere.

92. POPEIL POCKET FISHERMAN, 1950s
This fishing rod (which is still manufactured today) folds up to a remarkable 9 inches long, thus freeing the world from the tyranny of poles. This was the first invention of the Popeil family; Ron Popeil would later go on to found the infamous Ronco company, which sold other innovations such as the Veg-O-Matic, the Smokeless Ashtray, and the Inside-the-Shell Egg Scramber (#84).

91. POLAR WIRELESS HEART RATE MONITOR, 1977
On a cross-country skiing trip, Professor Seppo Saeynaejaekanga met a ski trainer who knew about the professor's interest in measurement of human vital signs. The trainer suggested that a heart-rate monitor would be a huge improvement over taking his pulse manually; Saeynaejaekanga invented it, and training for high-level and serious recreational athletes entered the gadget age.

90. MAELZEL METRONOME, 1816
The scourge of piano students; the eternal hope of music teachers; the last, desperate attempt of suburban white boys to get some sense of rhythm before they grew up to become insurance brokers or restaurant managers: The metronome was all this, and more.

89. RUBIK'S CUBE, 1974
Invented in 1974 by Hungarian Erno Rubik, the Rubik's Cube hit America in 1980 like the avian flu, infecting millions and temporarily treating most ADHD symptoms before petering out in 1983.

88. BLACK & DECKER DUSTBUSTER, 1979
Corded handheld vacuums have been around since the 1920s, but it was the Dustbuster that broke us free from tethers.

87. RADIO SHACK TRS-80 MODEL 100, 1983
Not the first portable computer, nor the most advanced, the Model 100 distinguished itself through simplicity, ruggedness, and portability. For $800 you could outfit yourself with this 6-pound mobile typing machine (a real featherweight compared with the 20-pound Osborne and Kaypro portables). The specs weren't impressive: 8KB of RAM, an eight-line-by-40-character display, no hard drive, a 300-baud modem, and a 2.4MHz Intel CPU. But two AA batteries gave it enough juice to run for 16 hours, and it was tough enough to ward off falls, bumps, spills, and filthy language, making it a perfect choice for newspaper reporters and cops. Radio Shack sold 6 million between 1983 and 1991.

86. TAMAGOTCHI, 1996
Could the overwhelming success of this pocket-size virtual pet -- 40 million were sold worldwide -- make this the strangest cultural phenomenon ever?

85. HOHNER HARMONICA, 1857
Riding the rails gets awful boring -- and downright lonely -- unless you have a traveling buddy to help you pass the time. Hohner has been keeping hobos entertained for nearly 150 years with its 10-hole mouth harp, or, as we know it, the harmonica. It's guaranteed to liven up any junkyard barbecue.

84. RONCO INSIDE-THE-SHELL EGG SCRAMBLER, 1978
Sick of dirtying forks just to make scrambled eggs? Tired of having to clean out your scramblin' bowl? Get the Ronco Inside-the-Shell Egg Scrambler.

83. ACCUSPLIT MEMORY STOPWATCH, 1972
Before the digital stopwatch, when you timed something, you had to do it on a wacky round device that ticked and was just as hard to read as a wall clock. But in 1972, Accusplit introduced the digital stopwatch. Gone were hands and tick marks, replaced by easy-to-read numbers. Better yet, the thing expressed time in hundredths of seconds, a boon to athletes and scientists.

82. ALLIANCE GENIE GARAGE DOOR OPENER, 1954
This first-ever radio-controlled garage door spared millions the terror of having to manually haul up and down dangerous doors that can weigh up to an astonishing 400 pounds. (Although today, 20,000 people annually still manage to be injured by run-ins with garage doors.)

81. ZIPPO WINDPROOF LIGHTER, 1932
Deep in the Great Depression, America yearned for a way to light the cigarette butts discarded by the remaining fat cats, even in the harsh wind tearing through a block-long bread line. Fortunately, George Blaisedell was there, introducing the first Zippo windproof lighter in 1932. Since that time, the Zippo lighter has grown to superstar status, the favorite of firebugs and chain-smokers alike. The preponderance of cheap, disposable butane lighters can't touch the elegance and charm (and lighter tricks) that the Zippo affords. As a testament to its popularity, more than 400 million Zippos have been sold, and countless fan clubs have sprung up to celebrate this ingenious incendiary.

80. FISHER SPACE PEN, 1967
Spurred by the space race, the Fisher company spent years inventing a pen that could write upside down, underwater, and in zero gravity. What did the Russians equip their cosmonauts with? Pencils. Still, Fisher's Space Pen -- in the classic "Chrome Bullet" body developed in 1948 -- is the ultimate portable writing machine.

79. TASER X26, 2003
Though Jules Verne wrote about a gun that shot electric bullets in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, the Taser's name comes from another book, written by Victor Appleton in 1911, called Tom Swift and His Electric Rifle. Our senior acronym cryptologist broke down the name as follows: Thomas A. Swift's Electric Rifle, or Taser. The original Taser-like device was patented in 1972, but the gadget didn't really take off until the 1990s. Today, the Taser X26 is the nonlethal weapon of choice. Because it doesn't kill the target (usually), cops are pretty much free to use it on any type of perp, from the drug-addled Hell's Angel to the frightened but disruptive 6-year-old. Just remember: Tasers don't tase people, people tase people.

78. KORG WT-10 ELECTRONIC TUNER, 1975
Nothing sounds worse than a band whose instruments are mistuned, unless it's Ashlee Simpson trying to demonstrate that she actually can sing. Fortunately, with an electronic tuner, even a deaf person can keep a guitar in tune: Just play a string and see if the needle lines up straight.

77. HASBRO LITE-BRITE, 1967
Who knew that all those happy hours spent punching multicolored pins into black paper were actually preparing us for a rewarding career designing web page bullets and desktop icons?

76. HP OMNIBOOK 300, 1993
Hewlett-Packard's OmniBook 300 weighed 3 pounds and packed a 386 processor and enough battery life to handle most domestic flights, but the real innovation was the "pop-out" mouse that you could pull from the right side of the machine, attached to a thin strip of plastic. The pop-out mouse died in 1999.

75. LASER POINTER, 1980s
By 1998, laser pointers were so popular that they were not only banned in schools, but laws were passed in many states to levy a $1,000 fine on anyone who pointed the red dot into someone's eye. Although professionals and teachers had used laser pointers for years, it wasn't until they dropped from $100 to less than $30 in the late '90s that kids were able to grab them and terrorize cats and moviegoers alike.

74. LUX MINUTE TIMER, 1936
For centuries, humans used hourglasses to time their souffles, midnight trysts, and bouts of fisticuffs. But it was only with the invention of the countertop timer -- available in a wide variety of whimsical designs -- that we reached the peak of civilization: The perfect poached egg.

73. TRAXXAS T-MAXX RC CAR, 1999
The remote-control car had seriously humble origins: Models were tethered by wire to a remote handset with two controls: Go forward, or go backward in a slight curve -- the only way to get out of a corner. Today's cars are highly modded machines, with freak cars pushing 100 mph and higher.

72. MASTER LOCK PADLOCK, 1924
In a dim, one-room workshop, locksmith Harry Soref and five employees manufactured the first Master Lock. Based on the banded steel that reinforced ship hulls and bank vaults, the Master Lock had a clear advantage over other locks of the day. More than 80 years later, the Master Lock has thousands of incarnations, from laser locks to the combination lock you use at the gym (if you go), and the Master name is a household word.

71. TYCO TOYS TICKLE ME ELMO, 1996
Press his tummy, he giggles. Press it again, he giggles a bit louder. Press it a third time, and Elmo goes into an epileptic conniption fit. Kids love it, but what separates Elmo from every other plush electronic toy? Rosie O'Donnell. After O'Donnell started throwing dozens of Elmos to her audience in 1996, the toy became that year's hot craze -- and one of the biggest ever -- driving black-market prices as high as $2,000.

70. ATARI PONG C-100, 1976
It played only one game, and that game sucked, but how much time did we burn in front of our little black and white TVs, spinning paddles and watching that tiny block bounce around? Ah, memories.

69. CUISINART FOOD PROCESSOR, 1973
Carl Sontheimer's most famous creation allowed harried cooks to slice, chop, and mix so easily that "Cuisinart" became the generic term for the food processor.

68. NOKIA 5100 SERIES CELL PHONE, 1998
It was nothing special under the hood, but snap-on covers in hundreds of colors and designs turned the boring phone into a fashion accessory.

67. LEATHERMAN PST, 1983
Put simply, Leatherman tools blow ordinary pocketknives out of the water. Pliers. A wire cutter. A file (and, in later models, whole saw blades). Plus the usual jackknife accoutrements: knife blade, screwdrivers, bottle opener, and awl. And, on top of it all, there's the appeal of wearing a compact toolkit in a leather holster on your belt. There aren't too many other objects with equal appeal to the pocket-protector crowd and the hard hats.

66. IRIDIUM SATELLITE PHONE, 1998
Score one for a good idea and brash determination: Iridium put 66 satellites in orbit around the globe and charged $3,000 (plus $1.99 a minute) for its 1-pound handset. The goal: Make and receive calls from anywhere on the planet. The reality: Iridium went bankrupt after little more than a year, though sat-phone vendors are still using them.

65. MATTEL FOOTBALL II, 1978
Mattel's first handheld football game was good; this sequel was a classic. Finally, you could throw passes to your little LED teammates, while enjoying the shrill electronic cry of "Charge!"

64. U.S. ARMY P-38 CAN OPENER, 1942
Who says the government can't make good products? This opener let millions of GIs crack their C rations, not to mention the dozens of other uses they found for it in the field, from cleaning their rifles to gutting fish.

63. MAGLITE FLASHLIGHT, 1979
It was originally marketed just to police officers and firefighters, but soon everyone had one of these nearly indestructible, adjustable-beam flashlights.

62. SONY WM-F5 SPORTS WALKMAN, 1983
Mobile electronics were fragile, delicate creatures until this rugged, water-resistant, yellow beast came along.

61. MOTOROLA BRAVO NUMERIC PAGER, 1986
17708173 96 15 50 6000! While the pager has been around since 1962, it wasn't until the Bravo that it hit the masses. The top-reading, numbers-only, belt-loop-clipping pager even spawned its own language. (If you need a translation of the above, let us know.) Pager code pushed this model to be the world's best-selling ever.

60. ABACUS, 190 A.D.
Nearly 1,800 years before the first electronic calculators, the Abacus let its user multiply, divide, add, subtract, and calculate square and cube roots ... in both decimal and hexadecimal.

59. SEXTANT, 1731
Yar, matey! Whar we be? Fetch me a sextant, get a fix on the North Star, and you'll know your latitude right quick. The sextant's mirrors and precision scales were the state of the art for accurate celestial navigation for more than two centuries. Avast, ye GPS-usin' gobs! Now how about some rum and a lime?

58. PANASONIC TOUGHBOOK 18, 2003
Tablet PCs are a great idea, but they're fragile -- not exactly for the rough-and-tumble, knockabout type. Panasonic changed that when it introduced its Toughbook 18 in 2003. This flat-bellied, steely eyed tablet is wind-, water-, and dust-resistant, and its design precludes the need for some sissy notebook bag.

57. MATTEL MAGIC 8-BALL, 1946
Is this really one of the most important gadgets ever? Signs point to yes.

56. POLAROID POLAVISION LAND VIDEO CAMERA, 1978
During the rise of color VHS, Polaroid introduced Polavision to the world as a budget competitor to the dying 8mm film camera. Polavision used three-minute, nonrewritable cartridges of film instead of reels. After you ran out of film, you popped the cartridge into a dedicated projector unit, which automatically developed the film for you. There was no sound, image quality was terrible, and playback on a 12-inch screen was unsatisfying. Polaroid quickly gave up on it, but this bold experiment in moving pictures that automatically develop was one that many of us still remember fondly.

55. SUPER SCISSORS, 1990s
The first record of scissors dates back to the 14th century B.C., but scissorlike implements were likely used even before that. In the past 34 centuries, scissors have evolved into myriad designs, from nose-hair trimmers to hedge clippers. The most advanced scissors we've encountered are undoubtedly Super Scissors, which can cut everything from fabric to chicken bones, and they can even cut a penny in half (but why you'd want to make a near-worthless coin even more worthless, we can't say).

54. THE CAR ALARM KEY FOB, 1990s
The guy who invented the car alarm? We have no idea. With any luck, he's roasting in hell. The one who invented a way of turning those alarms off wirelessly? No idea, either, but we nominate him for sainthood.

53. POWELL & LEALAND COMPOUND MICROSCOPE, 1861
Lensmaker Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) was the first person to see yeast cells, protozoa, and even bacteria, and his discoveries opened up a vast miniature world just waiting to be explored. But it wasn't until the 19th century that microscopy really went into high gear, as British manufacturers like Powell & Lealand developed high-quality microscope optics, which in turn led to huge advances in medicine, biology, geology, and more.

52. SONY CFS-5000 BOOM BOX, 1980s
Before the iPod made everyone more clandestine, real jive turkeys were trucking down streets with a boom box perched on their shoulders. The advent of removable speakers in the '80s meant that you could get wicked stereo sound for listening to Floyd in your basement or dorm room while totally stoned, but still be able to pack up the rig to take on the subway in the morning.

51. IROBOT ROOMBA, 2002
Forget the broom and vacuum -- no device in the history of mankind has been able to terrorize pets (and clean floors) as efficiently as the Roomba, the first household robot for many buyers. Artificial intelligence lets the device do all the tidying and terrorizing while you're away, so your shell-shocked cat sees you as savior rather than tormentor. The latest Roomba, the Discovery (pictured here), has a longer run time of 120 minutes, a faster charging time, and it returns to its charging station when it's almost out of juice.

50. ETCH-A-SKETCH, 1960
Though devoid of circuitry, we think it's safe to say that this was the world's first handheld with a fully graphical user interface.

49. CASIO CASSIOPEIA E-10, 1996
The first Windows CE gizmo was the original Casio Cassiopea A-10, a notebooklike clamshell unit that challenged Palms with a better interface, based on Windows 95. The Windows CE device soon morphed into a primitive, boxy PDA (the E-10, pictured here) that resembled the Palm but retained the superior interface -- it even included pocket versions of Word and Excel. Soon the new platform, dubbed Pocket PC, eclipsed the Palm in features and functions, including a color screen, stereo sound, a removable storage slot, and later, Wi-Fi. Now Palm's market share is dwindling and Pocket PCs are poised to take over. But in a cruel twist of fate, both branches of this evolutionary tree will likely be wiped out or consumed by the ever-smarter cell phone.

48. SONY DIGITAL MAVICA MVC-HD5, 1997
Until the Mavica, digital cameras were expensive affairs, with short battery life, tiny LCDs, expensive storage media, and no easy way to move photos onto your PC except through a painfully slow serial connection. The Mavica solved all these problems, with a $599 price, a huge 2.5-inch LCD, and by recording directly to floppy disks. Never mind that it was butt-ugly, in 1999 Mavicas accounted for more than half of the U.S. digicam market.

47. CANADIAN SIGNAL CORPS C-58 WALKIE TALKIE, 1943
Inventor Donald Hings first built a portable field radio in 1937, but it wasn't until World War II broke out that his invention became a commercial success -- and a critical component of battlefield communications. Tens of thousands of C-58 radio sets were made and used throughout Europe and Asia, paving the way for smaller, handheld radios in the postwar period. Walkie-talkies eventually became the indispensable sidearms of police officers, firefighters, and 7-year-old boys everywhere.

46. TEXAS INSTRUMENTS SPEAK & SPELL, 1978
This watershed device was the first toy to use voice synthesis on a single chip, setting the stage for toy makers everywhere who wanted to incorporate tinny robo-speak into their gizmos. The 128KB of read-only memory in the Speak & Spell was enough memory to keep kids edutained for hours. Aside from commanding the child to "speak it!" and "say it!" the device also made one-person hangman possible. Now that's progress.

45. SILVA COMPASS, 1933
What happened when a Swedish instrument maker named Gunnar Tillander hooked up with Sweden's most famous orienteer, Bjoern Kjellstroem? They invented the gold standard of compasses, which everyone from Boy Scouts to the military in dozens of countries still rely on.

44. FUZZBUSTER, 1968
Smokie never had it so bad. After getting what he thought was an unwarranted speeding ticket, Dale Smith of Dayton, Ohio, whipped up a box that detected the radar signals cops used to clock drivers. The Fuzzbuster was a sensation, especially after the federally mandated 55 mph speed limit went into effect in 1974, providing protection to lead foots everywhere.

43. HANDSPRING VISOR, 1999
Founded by Palm inventors Jeff Hawkins and Donna Dubinsky, Handspring did more than launch the category of wireless handhelds. It also started Palm on the road to licensing its operating system and eventually splitting the company into two.

42. H4 MARINE CHRONOMETER, 1761
Until the late 18th century, transatlantic navigators were sailing half-blind, able to determine their latitude from the stars but entirely unable to determine their exact longitude. John Harrison's chronometer was the first timepiece accurate enough to work aboard a ship, losing just 5.1 seconds over the course of a two-month sea voyage -- insanely accurate for the era. With the chronometer, sailors could compute their longitude based on what hour, in Greenwich Mean Time, the sun rose. That, in turn, facilitated the accurate mapping and colonization of the New World by adventurers such as Captain Cook (an early chronometer customer).

41. RIM INTERACTIVE PAGER, 1996
Technically not the first two-way pager (it was barely beaten to market by Motorola's TextWriter), the RIM Interactive Pager was the forerunner to the now-nearly-ubiquitous BlackBerry.


40. FALCON DUST-OFF, EARLY 1970s
By the mid-'80s, enough people had computers for long enough that dust, hair, and dander started collecting on the machines' insides, endangering the sensitive equipment. Lucky for them there was Dust-Off.

39. APPLE NEWTON MESSAGEPAD 120, 1994
Nobody's disputing that the Palm changed mobility forever. But two years before the Pilot 1000 blazed onto store shelves, Apple dropped its own handheld on the world. The Newton MessagePad 120 did everything the Palm Pilot did, except sell.

38. SANDISK COMPACTFLASH CARD, 1994
SanDisk kicked off the flash-memory revolution more than 10 years ago with the CompactFlash card. Today, nearly all portable electronics from cell phones to notebooks come with some type of removable storage slot, be it CF, MiniSD, SD, SmartMedia, xD, or the several flavors of Memory Stick.

37. JVC GR-C1 CAMCORDER, 1984
Until 1984, shooting your own home videos on VHS tape meant lugging around a unit the size of a small gorilla, and sometimes two! The first portable video systems came in two awkward pieces, with the tape deck slung over your shoulder like a purse. The JVC GR-C1 changed everything. It was decidedly miniature for the era (using "compact" VHS tapes), offered instant playback, and sported a shocking red case. Videophiles fell in love with it, as did director Robert Zemeckis: The GR-C1 played a central role in 1985's Back to the Future.

36. PULSAR QUARTZ DIGITAL WATCH, 1972
Shortly after the discovery of the stars for which it's named, the Pulsar digital watch took the guesswork out of timekeeping. Eschewing spring mechanisms, the Pulsar kept time through the precise vibrations of a quartz crystal buried in its innards. While its marketers may have been exaggerating when they called this a "time computer," we still think digital watches are a pretty neat idea.

35. SCREWPULL CORKSCREW, 1979
The first corkscrew appeared in the late 1700s, but it hadn't evolved much past the two-armed model in your parents' drawer until Herbert Allen, a toolmaker in the oil and aircraft industry, invented the Screwpull. His wife's struggle to open a bottle prompted Allen's invention of this baby and its Teflon-coated screw; there's no faster or easier way to crack open your cabernet.

34. GARMIN GPSCOM 170, 1997
For the directionally challenged, 1997 was a banner year, as the GPSCOM 170 brought satellite navigation to the palm of your hand. It was the first device ever to combine GPS telemetry and navigation software into a single pocket-size shell.

33. BOSE QUIETCOMFORT HEADPHONES, 2000
Bose started research on active noise reduction in 1978, but it wasn't available to consumers until 2000, when these phones turned air travel from an onslaught of white noise into a sanctuary of silence.

32. RADIOLAN BACKBONELINK AND PC CARDLINK, 1997
Even from day one of 802.11 (aka Wi-Fi), companies have been fighting to spruce up performance with proprietary tricks. RadioLAN was the dirtiest fighter of them all, abandoning the 2.4GHz band for the 5GHz band, which gave its products roughly double the performance of its competitors and opening the door for a flood of "turbo" and "super" wireless products. RadioLAN also spurred the first Wi-Fi price war: At $999 for an access point and $449 for a PC Card, RadioLAN's products were actually bargains for the era.

31. TREK THUMBDRIVE, 1999
The basic technology hasn't changed much since, but the Trek Thumbdrive set the standard for flash-memory storage that fits in your pocket.

30. JVC HR-3300 VHS VCR, 1976
Early videotape machines developed by Ampex in the 1950s and 1960s were roughly the size of washing machines. It wasn't until 1976 that home video took off, with JVC and Sony launching the infamous war between VHS and Betamax (not to mention a handful of other long-forgotten formats). VHS grabbed the early advantage thanks to a much lower price ($885 versus $1,300) and longer tapes, and because Sony was distracted by its now-crucial lawsuit, which legalized VCRs. Thanks, JVC, for both revolutionizing entertainment and for saddling us with this awful technology for 20 years.

29. JOSEPH ENTERPRISES THE CLAPPER, 1982
Switches became a thing of the past in 1982, when the first Clappers went on sale, letting you clap your TV, lights, or toaster oven on and off. However, the product jingle may have had a far larger impact on society than the product itself. See if you recognize the song: "Clap on. Clap off. Clap on, clap off -- the Clapper!" Now that's going to be stuck in your head all day.

28. KODAK BROWNIE CAMERA, 1900
Artists were experimenting with photography in the 19th century, but it wasn't until the $1 Brownie, with its easily replaceable 15-cent film cartridges, that ordinary people could be shutterbugs, too. "Easily operated by any school boy or girl," the ads bragged. A century of awkward family snapshots was launched.

27. NEC ULTRALITE, 1989
Not only is this considered the first ultralight, this NEC's moniker stuck for the entire category of sub-5-pound notebooks.

26. GRID COMPASS 1100, 1982
The first clamshell notebook, the Grid Compass also shares the distinction of being the first notebook in space, used by the Columbia astronauts in early shuttle flights. However, the Compass was heavy, lacked batteries, and cost up to $10,000. For these reasons, few nongovernment users bought it, and it died in relative obscurity.

25. NINTENDO GAME BOY, 1989
Bundling inventor Gunpei Yokoi's Game Boy with the highly addictive Tetris ensured Game Boy's success in the early '90s. Selling over 32 million consoles in its first three years, the Game Boy has had a slew of offspring, but none will ever compare to the original.

24. BIRO BALLPOINT PEN, 1938
Hungary's Biro brothers -- one a newspaper editor, one a chemist -- combined like the Wonder Twins to create the first functional ballpoint pen, relegating the fountain pen to collectors and eccentric shut-ins and enabling billions of cheapo giveaways.

23. TELEPHONE, 1876
Though electronic communication existed before the telephone (for example, the telegraph), it was transmitting voice by electricity that changed the world. From this sprang radio, and later television and the internet. But no other device is as much a necessity as the humble phone: No snooty artist will ever look down his nose at you in disdain and proclaim, "Oh, I don't own a phone." Without the phone, there would be no crank calls, phone sex, telemarketing aggravation at dinnertime, or drunken, embarrassing calls to your ex at 3 a.m. However, nor would there be emergency calls to 911, friendly chats, or those vital calls to Santa that keep children in line.

22. APPLE POWERBOOK 500, 1994
The PowerBook 500 wowed the notebook market with a long string of firsts: The first touch pad; the first stereo speakers (with 16-bit sound); the first expansion bay -- and the first PC Card slot; the first "intelligent" nickel metal hydride battery, with a processor that communicated battery status to the operating system; and, last but not least, the first curvaceous case, with gratuitously swooped edges and corners instead of the boxy angles of previous notebooks. Make no mistake, this notebook set the agenda for the following 10 years of portable computer design.

21. CARTIER SANTOS WRISTWATCH, 1904
Alberto Santos Dumont, a pioneer in early aviation history, complained to a friend that he couldn't read his pocket watch while flying his aircraft. In response, his good friend Louis Cartier built the first wristwatch and named it after Santos.

20. SWISS ARMY KNIFE, 1891
Karl Elsener's first knife, which was distributed to Swiss enlisted men, featured a blade, a screwdriver, a can opener, and a punch. Today, the company Elsener founded, Victorinox, and its competitor, Wenger, offer dozens of knives featuring up to 33 different tools. Meanwhile, the name has passed into cliche as an apt description of the knife's versatility.

19. IBM THINKPAD 701C, 1995
Never mind the specs, the crazy "butterfly" keyboard cemented IBM on top of the universe of notebook design. Closed, the machine looks like any notebook with a 10.4-inch screen from its era. Flip it open, and the keyboard expands to full size, making typing a breeze. This clever rig earned the 701C a place in the permanent collection of New York's Museum of Modern Art.

18. MOTOROLA DYNATAC 8000X, 1983
Ten years after Motorola researcher Martin Cooper placed the world's first cellular call, the rest of the world got its shot. The Motorola DynaTAC 8000X brought mobile calling to the masses (or about 300,000 very wealthy people) for just $3,995 plus outrageously high usage fees. Fortunately, the 8000X offered only one hour of talk time, so it was difficult to rack up stratospheric bills.

17. TOSHIBA SD-3000 DVD PLAYER, 1996
Toshiba was part of the consortium that invented the blessed DVD format, freeing us from the tyranny of analog forever. Its SD-3000 was the first consumer player on the market. As for the first DVD, four IMAX movies were released on March 19, 1997, including Africa: the Serengeti.

16. ACOUSTIC DATA COUPLER 300 MODEM, 1968
You kids today with your broadband connections. You make us sick. In our day, getting online meant loud, screechy modems like this 300-baud wooden monstrosity, which you hooked up to your old Bell handset to connect to other computers via telephone lines. But don't judge it by its looks alone; the ADC 300 made the dream of long-distance hacking a reality for the common geek.

15. HP-35 POCKET ELECTRONIC SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR, 1972
It may not look like much, but the HP-35 scientific calculator was a tech trailblazer on two counts. Not only was it the first handheld scientific calculator, it was also the first device to use both integrated circuits and LEDs. Your Pocket PC would never have seen the light of day had it not been for this little number cruncher, which is still widely used today. If you're younger than 40, you can thank HP for the fact that you've never had to use a slide rule.

14. SONY CDP-101 CD PLAYER, 1983
Who can forget the crystalline, hiss-free blast of Madonna's "Like a Virgin" emanating from their first CD player? Let classical-music snobs debate the virtues of analog versus digital: CD players were practically made for the thumping bass and inescapable synthesizers of '80s pop music. Sony's CDP-101 was the first to hit the market, at $1,000, but cheaper models and the portable Discman followed the next year.

13. SONY TR-63 TRANSISTOR RADIO, 1957
Japanese entrepreneurs Masaru Ibuka and Akio Morita and were among the first to grasp the true potential of transistor technology, which had been invented at Bell Labs in the late 1940s. Step one: Secure a license from Bell Labs. Step two: Start cranking out cheap transistor radios. The TR-63 was their first big success, turning their company, Sony, into a global audio powerhouse. And why not? Prior to the TR-63, radios were big vacuum-tube-laden affairs. Now you could carry one in a jacket pocket and listen to it all day. Fun fact: The red dots on the dial show where American Civilian Defense broadcasts could be found, in case of a nuclear attack.

12. APPLE IPOD, 2001
It wasn't the first hard-drive audio player, it was expensive, and it worked only with Macintosh computers. But the original iPod cracked the portable audio market wide open with its ease of use and to-die-for aesthetics. Some estimates peg Apple as now claiming an astounding 92 percent of the mobile audio market.

11. POLAROID LAND CAMERA, 1948
Edwin Land's first Polaroid camera introduced the United States to the delights of instant gratification. Of course, we had to put up with noxious chemical smells and bulky film cartridges, but that was a small price to pay for living on the cutting edge. Sadly, Land's company didn't stay on that edge; it milked its signature technology for decades while failing to come up with another big hit, and went into bankruptcy in 2001.

10. TIVO SERIES1, 1999
Like FedEx, Velcro, and Google, TiVo has joined that rare echelon of companies with names that have become synonymous with their industry. Today, we "tivo" instead of "tape," and 2 million TiVo enthusiasts have forgotten what TV commercials look like. Early TiVo units -- manufactured by Philips, Sony, and others -- were exorbitantly expensive (10 hours of recording cost $500), but competition with fellow upstart ReplayTV has steadily driven prices down. Now imagine what the world might be like had the product gone with its original name: "Teleworld."

9. ATARI 2600, 1977
We've got two words to describe the majesty of this device: Yar's Revenge.

8. DIAMOND MULTIMEDIA RIO 300, 1998
It seems like a lifetime ago, but it was just 1998 when Diamond Multimedia released the first portable flash MP3 player, prompting a lawsuit from the record industry claiming that any MP3 player facilitated piracy. It might have sported a paltry 32MB of memory, but the Rio 300 was the first shot in the digital music revolution.

7. U.S. ROBOTICS PILOT 1000, 1996
A string of companies tried to create handheld, pen-centric computers throughout the early 1990s, mostly to no avail. (Remember Zoomer? Neither does anyone else.) The Pilot 1000 was the first one to hit the sweet spot, and in so doing, it showed how successful simplicity and reliability could be. Despite successive name changes, many people still call their handhelds "Pilots" -- a testament to the power a single product had to create an entire industry.

6. CASIO QV-10 DIGITAL CAMERA, 1996
Milestones in the digital camera world are astonishingly difficult to nail down. In the early 1990s, major camera manufacturers began tinkering with digital for the professional market. The first amateur digicams were notoriously bad, and it wasn't until Casio's QV-10 that consumers really thought they could give this digital business a go. The QV-10 could store up to 96 images with a resolution of up to 76,800 pixels on its 2MB of flash RAM, and offered a wacky newfangled LCD screen so that you could preview your pictures, which you could output to either your 486 or TV. All this for just $995! Pricey, but the QV-10 looked cool, worked reasonably well, and didn't have to be sent back to Casio for servicing that often. Digicams would be plagued with bugs and high prices for years to come, but the QV-10 really opened the door for digital cameras as a whole.

5. CDI MECHANICAL MOUSE MODEL 4-101, 1970
Though the mouse was invented by Douglas Engelbart in 1965, it took a good five years for the idea to catch on. Computer Displays made the mouse marketable with its three-button Mechanical Mouse 4-101.

4. MOTOROLA STARTAC, 1996
Before the StarTAC, cell phones had become fashionable with teenagers and the belt-clip set, but it wasn't until this 3.1-ounce flip phone that people started to see the promise of a handset that could genuinely fit into your pocket. Far smaller than any phone that preceded it, the StarTAC was the ultimate status symbol of the late '90s and perhaps the best example of "geek chic" ever to exist. But most important, the StarTAC ushered in the wave of miniaturized phones, one that's still rolling today.

3. SONY WALKMAN, 1979
We're not saying the iPod isn't one of the coolest devices ever made, but Apple's little music monster would never have been possible without Sony's groundbreaking Walkman. The brainchild of Sony cofounders Masaru Ibuka, Akio Morita, and Norio Ohga, this portable cassette tape player made the dream of a mobile music collection a generation-changing reality and put Sony in the technological catbird seat.

2. ZENITH SPACE COMMAND TV REMOTE CONTROL, 1956
Remember having to get up off the couch to change the channel on the TV by hand? Of course you don't, thanks to Robert Adler's stunning breakthrough, the wireless remote control. Zenith had been meddling with remotes since 1950; its Lazy Bones remote (no, seriously, that's what it was called) simply ran to the TV with a wire. The first wireless remote came in 1955: The Flash-matic was basically a flashlight you shined at one of the TV's four corners, depending on whether you wanted to change the channel up or down. The problem: On sunny days, the TV would change channels by itself. In 1956, Adler had a better idea: Use ultrasonic sound to control the TV. His Space Command remote had four buttons that, when pressed, struck an aluminum rod located inside the unit. A receiver in the TV detected the sound, and depending on the pitch, changed channels or muted the volume. No batteries required. Various forms of ultrasonic technology were the standard all the way until the 1980s, when infrared took over.

1. APPLE POWERBOOK 100, 1991
Never mind the Apple versus PC debate: Until Apple unveiled this 5.1-pound machine, most "portable" computers were curiosities for technophiles with superior upper-body strength. But the PowerBook 100's greatest and most lasting innovation was to move the keyboard toward the screen, leaving natural wrist rests up front, as well as providing an obvious place for a trackball. It seems like the natural layout now, but that's because the entire industry aped Apple within months. The first PowerBooks captured an astounding 40 percent of the market, but more important, they turned notebook computers into mainstream products and ushered in the era of mobile computing that we're still living in today.

WHAT'D WE FORGET!?Our brains are only so big ... we're sure we forgot a handful of excellent gadgets. So tell us, what’d we leave off the list? We’ll publish the most popular reader submissions in an upcoming issue, and we’ll send the official Mobile PC Pez dispenser to the person who suggests forgotten gadget #1, along with a copy of this issue autographed by the entire staff! Send submissions (along with your full name and address) to null@mobilepcmag.com. Remember: Nominations have to meet the criteria outlined on this page! http://www.mobilepcmag.com/features/2005_03/top100gadgets-5.html

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

Each week the Magazine picks out snippets from the week's news - interesting newsbites that we learn along the way, and find their way into 10 Things We Didn't Know This Time Last Week every Saturday. So at the end of the year, here is an almanac of those things we learned.

1. Street brawlers sometimes arm themselves with potato peelers, according to the Home Office, which wants to make them banned weapons.
More details

2. Farmers plant their crops up to three weeks earlier than 15 years ago. In the 1960s, temperatures from January to March averaged 4.2C; it rose to 5.6C in the 1990s.

3. Brussels sprouts have three times as much vitamin C as oranges.


10 balloons by Conrad Bessant

Every week, users send pictures of groups of 10 Things they have seen. These are some of the best - submit yours by clicking here.

4. Crows apparently like the taste of windscreen-wiper blades.
Full story

5. 52% of households have five or more remote controls.
More details

6. Dame Judi Dench sends 450 Christmas presents, according to her daughter.

7. The heat generated by a laptop, and the knees-together pose needed to balance it, can damage a man's fertility.
More details

8. Brazilians are the nationality most likely to read spam.
More details

9. Some pigeons follow roads and turn off at motorway junctions to navigate their way round.

10. Ten people die on the UK's roads every day.
More details

11. The opening lines of the Communist Manifesto - "A spectre is haunting Europe - the spectre of Communism" - were initially translated as "A frightful hobgoblin stalks through Europe".
More about Marx

12. Ronald Reagan started planning his own funeral the year he entered the White House almost quarter of a century ago. He died in June.

10 sunbeds by Ann Cooper

13. Smoking killed nearly one million people worldwide in 2000, according to the World Health Organisation.

14. Marine biologists say altruistic behaviour is not uncommon in dolphins.
More details

15. UK scientists have developed a clock which ticks 1,000,000 billion times a second. Technically that's a quadrillion.
More details

16. Prince Charles and Paul Dacre, editor of the Daily Mail, were born on the same day.

17. Ian Hislop, scourge of the media powerful, now knows that his grandfather's middle name was Murdoch.
More details

18. There are 75 withdrawals from cash machines every second in the UK.
More details

19. The collective noun for rhinos is "crash".
More details

20. Osama Bin Laden refers to 9/11 as "Manhattan".
More details

21. The word "electricity" was first used in English in about 1600 by Elizabeth I's physician.
More details

22. George W Bush got the highest number of votes for president of any candidate in US history, in November 2004.
Vote USA 2004 results map

23. John Kerry got the second highest number.

Jimmy Martin's five grandchildren and their portraits
24. Germany has an 18-year-old MP - Julia Bonk, a member of the Saxony legislature. Her name is not funny in German.

25. Half of Britons have a collection of more than 20 carrier bags at home, according to a survey. One in 10 people has up to 80.
Full story

26. The full names of Scooby Doo's Mystery Inc members are: Fred Jones, Daphne Blake, Velma Dinkley, Scooby "Scoobert" Doo. Shaggy is actually Norville Rogers.
Full story

27. So much for the overworked society, the average British employee actually works 75 minutes less a week than in 1997, according to the Centre for Economics and Business Research.

28. The word "celeb" is not a recent invention - it was used in a letter to Woodrow Wilson in 1913. The word "sex", used to mean sexual intercourse, was first used in 1929.
Full story

29. The remains of thousands of mammoths have been found by fishermen in the North Sea.
More about British Isles: A Natural History

30. The Sydney Harbour Bridge contains just 16 nuts and bolts. The rest is held together by rivets, because it doesn't need to be dismantled.

31. Herrings break wind to communicate and keep the school together.

32. Tory leader Michael Howard and wife Sandra watch a video of Brideshead Revisited every New Year.

10 bowling balls by Nathan Jenkins

33. Bob Dylan originally planned to use his first two given names, Robert Allen, as his stage name, because it sounded like the name of a Scottish king. After he saw some Dylan Thomas poems, he chose Dylan as his new surname instead.
More details

34. Plastic surgery dates back to 600BC and the first nose job was in 1000AD.
Full story

35. George Bush and John Kerry shared the same debating coach while at Yale University. His name was Rollin Osterweis.

36. One in five British homes has a foot spa, although mostly they lie idle, among more than £3bn of "useless gadgets" to be found in UK homes, according to insurance firm Esure.

37. Although it's nearly 24 years since Jimmy Carter was US president, he still receives about 4,000 letters a month.

38. Yoda was based on Albert Einstein.

39. More Brits die each year falling from their hotel balcony than do in diving accidents, according to Foreign Office statistics.

40. There is a British Hat Council - it's the body which coined the phrase: "If you want to get ahead, get a hat." It reports that sales of hats to men have risen by 80% in the past year, and that £51m will be spent on headgear this year.

41. Twenty years ago, seven out of every 10 pints drunk in the UK were ale. Now, thanks to the rise of lager, stout and cider, the number is just three.

10 buses by John Murray

42. Running a car costs the average motorist £101 a week, according to the RAC.

More details

43. In 1911, Pablo Picasso was one of the suspects arrested for the theft of the Mona Lisa.

44. Until 3 September 2004, the fastest bus in London was an old fashioned red double decker, registration number ALD 971B. Unlike other buses, according to reports, this one did not have a speed regulator and so could go above 30mph.

45. There is a world record for being able to squirt liquids out of a human eye. The existing record is 8.7 feet (2.65m), but a Turkish man claims to have broken the record with a 9.2 feet (2.8m) squirt.

46. Interesting historical footnote: Greg Dyke was on the Atkins diet at the time of the Hutton Report, he revealed in his autobiography.
More details

47. A "jiffy" is 10 milliseconds in computer science terms.
More details

48. Margaret Roberts (later Thatcher) helped invent the chemical process that produces Mr Whippy ice cream.

49. Guests at the Queen's coronation in 1953 pilfered toilet paper from Westminster Abbey. "It was found early on Coronation Day, that much of the lavatory paper had been removed, and in future it will be necessary to take steps to prevent this," official records released this year reveal.

50. A tribe living in a remote part of Brazil's Amazon rainforest has no words for numbers beyond two. The Piraha use "one" to mean one or roughly one, two means two, while any larger number is just "many".

51. The day after the atomic bomb exploded on Hiroshima, the banks re-opened. They had one customer, John Reader's book Cities recorded.

10 dinghies by Pete Hale

52. Up to 65% of children with a father in jail get imprisoned themselves, according to Home Office figures.
More details

53. Phrase-turner extraordinaire Clive James says he originated the terms "underwhelmed" and "young fogey", but is yet to receive the recognition he deserves. He also says he's particularly proud of his description of the Conan the Barbarian-era Arnold Schwarzenegger as "a brown condom full of walnuts".

54. George Clooney listens to The Archers online, according to model Lisa Snowden who says she introduced him to it.

55. Having breaking news alerts delivered to your mobile phone may seem cutting edge, but the Daily Express pioneered the service back in 1914, offering personal war updates via telegram for a shilling each.

56. The Shining is the "perfect scary movie", according to researchers, who have come up with a scientific formula for such things. They identified the isolated setting, escalating music and chase scenes as some of the key elements in its success.
Full story

57. Gibraltar, which celebrated 300 years under British rule this year, was named Jebel Tarik - Tarik's mountain - by Moorish settlers in honour of their leader Tarik ibn Zeyad. The last syllable was lost over time.
Full story

58. Saddam Hussein's son Uday kept nine lions as the centrepiece of a bizarre menagerie of exotic animals. In July the lions were moved to Baghdad zoo.
Full story

59. Britons throw away enough rubbish every hour to fill the Royal Albert Hall.

60. The bookmakers William Hill loses 80,000 little pens a day - the sort used to fill out betting slips.

10 toes
10 toes by Zoe Preece
61. Ken Livingstone, the mayor of London, has got solar panels fitted on the roof of his Cricklewood home.

62. The founder of the Natural History Museum, Sir Richard Owen, was the man we have to thank for the word "dinosaur", literally meaning "terrible lizard".

63. Just one in a hundred workers goes to the pub for their lunch, according to a study. The same proportion spend lunch having sex.
Full story

64. Chef Gordon Ramsay says he gets between three and five parking tickets on any working day.

65. "Square eyes" might be real - Australian researchers have found that children who spend a long time inside watching television or on computers become more susceptible to short-sightedness.
Full story

66. An American girl aged between three and 11 has, on average, 10 Barbie dolls in her toy box.
Full story

67. It's 30 years since the world's first barcode was used. It was on a 10-pack of Wrigley's Juicy Fruit at a supermarket in Ohio. The gum is now an exhibit in the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC.

68. Bill Clinton revealed in his autobiography that he didn't learn to ride a bike properly until he was 22.

69. The theme music to Crimewatch UK, which celebrated its 20th anniversary in June, is called Rescue Helicopter - written by John Cameron.

70. And reports of UFOs have dwindled since the late 1990s. In the UK, sightings have gone from about 30 a week to almost zero; it's a trend echoed in the US and Norway.

71. Departing chancellors of the exchequer get to choose a cartoon caricature of themselves to hang on the staircase of 11 Downing Street. Not that the current occupant, Gordon Brown, is going anywhere just yet - this year he became Britain's longest-serving chancellor.

10 penguins
10 penguins by Nic Evans

72. Desert locusts can travel 120 miles in 24 hours.
More details

73. Ducks have regional accents. London ducks shout out a rough quack to be heard above the urban din; those in the West Country make a quieter, softer sound.
Full story

74. Lasagne has replaced chicken tikka massala as the favourite dish of Britons. Sainsbury's sold 13.9 million lasagne ready meals and just 7.4 million chicken tikka massalas last year. Tesco sold 9.8 million lasagnes and 6.3 million chicken tikka massalas.

75. Freak conditions above Everest can cause the sky to "fall in". An analysis of weather patterns in May 1996, by University of Toronto researchers, said eight people died when the stratosphere sank to the level of the summit.

76. More than one billion birds crash into buildings in the US every year. Mirrored office blocks are a particular hazard.

77. There are at least 17 Maxine Carrs in the UK, all of whom are ex-directory.

78. Defeated Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry says he once flew upside-down over Israel. It was, he says, the "perfect way" to see the Middle East.

79. Space is only 62 miles away. That's 100 kilometres.
Full story

80. Essex is the UK's book club capital, with more reading groups than any other county and spin-off events such as a walk-and-talk-about-books club.

81 . When people are in love, weird things happen. Men get more female hormones, and women get more male. Scientist Donatella Marazziti says it's as if nature wants to eliminate what can be different in men and women, perhaps to help the mating process.

10 toilets by Bryce Cooke

82. Alan Smithee is a prolific director of film stinkers. His is the name directors use if a film is recut by the studio against their wishes. The alias was first used on the 1969 western, Death of a Gunfighter. Its origins are somewhat murky, but one theory goes that it is an anagram of "The Alias Men."

83. There's no mobile reception at the top of the Gherkin in London - it's too high up at 40 storeys. The phone companies hadn't expected a tower so tall, and it's above the reception area.

84. There are 1,049 offshore British islands. One of the late Norris McWhirter's great loves was visiting them all.

85. Poets die young... "On average, poets lived 62 years, playwrights 63 years, novelists 66 years and non-fiction writers lived 68 years," according to California State University's James Kaufman.

86. You can see the back of your own head in some parts of the universe as time and light are so curved. The universe is neither flat, nor football shaped - it looks like a flat-sided trumpet, German physicists believe.

87. One gigabyte of information - about a quarter of the memory of an iPod mini - is the equivalent of a pick-up truck load of paper.
More details

88. In the past decade, four people in the UK have died in cemetery accidents, crushed by falling tombstones.

89. Continuing in this cheery vein, more than 1.2 million people die in traffic accidents worldwide each year. The first was Bridget Driscoll, knocked down by a car travelling at 12mph in London on 17 August 1896. The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death, and warned: "This must never happen again."
Full story

90. A quarter of Australia's population was born outside the land Down Under.

91. Scientists have developed cress which changes from green to red when it comes near explosives - ideal for spotting landmines...
Full story

Beach huts in Hove
10 beach huts by Angela Pini

92. ...which is a good job as there are still about 100m undiscovered landmines in the world, just waiting to go off.

93. One in 12 of the country's workforce is a cleaner, according to the British Cleaning Council.
More details

94. A cruise ship can put more than 130,000 litres of sewage into the sea each day.

95. There are a third more children at grammar schools now, under Labour, than there were 10 years ago under the Tories (150,750 now compared with 111,846 in 2003.)
Full story

96. One in four 16- and 17-year-old girls in the UK is on the contraceptive pill - more than ever before.
Full story

97. Matt Groening's father - the inspiration for Homer Simpson - has only complained once about his alter-ego's actions. It was an episode in which Homer badgered Marge into walking some considerable distance on a hot day to fetch him something.

98. Lord Baden Powell wanted a section on the dangers of "self abuse" in his Scouting for Boys. His original manuscript read: "A very large number of the lunatics in our asylums have made themselves ill by indulging in this vice although at one time they were sensible cheery boys like you."

99. Dom Perignon, the Benedictine monk, was originally employed by his abbey to get the bubbles out of the champagne, according to Gerard Liger-Belair's new book, Uncorked: the Science of Champagne.

100. Bill Clinton sent just two e-mails while he was president.

Thanks to all the Magazine readers who submitted items and photographs this year. 10 Things will return as normal next weekend.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/4134329.stm

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

美國馬里蘭州華裔法醫亞伯特‧朱23日提醒家長,嬰兒搖籃左右搖擺的規律動作可能引發家犬的攻擊本性,以致狗對搖籃裡的小寶寶展開致命攻擊。

亞伯特‧朱在美國法醫學會會議上說,過去四年馬里蘭州就發生兩起此類事件,他指出,狗會追逐網球或汽車等移動的物件,同樣的也會追逐搖動的搖籃,這是狗狗無法自制的反應。

2003年巴爾的摩市有一名兩周大的小男嬰被家裡的鬥牛犬從搖籃中拖出來咬死,1999年艾基米爾市有一名3個月大的男嬰也死在犬爪之下。

據美聯社搜查網路檔案發現,2000年佛羅里達州坦帕市也有一起家犬殺嬰事件,過去兩年美國其他地方至少有兩名嬰兒被犬咬傷,其中一起,狗狗甚至在女主人面前就猛衝上前去攻擊嬰兒。

印第安納州的威廉森太太在接受訪問時表示,他們養了八年的狗從來不會對小孩擺出凶樣子,卻無緣無故的攻擊搖籃裡的九周大小寶寶,咬得寶寶血流滿面,斷裂的鎖骨刺穿肩膀。

但有的醫生認為,活動的東西雖然會引起狗狗的攻擊性,但家犬也有攻擊睡在嬰兒床裡小寶寶的紀錄,所以不見得是搖籃惹禍。

訓犬專家和動物行為學家建議,在把新生兒帶回家之前,應該先訓練家犬習慣搖籃,最好能把一個會發出哭聲的洋娃娃放在搖籃,直到狗狗對搖籃不起反應為止。不論如何,絕對不要讓小嬰兒單獨和狗狗在一起。

【2005/02/24 聯合晚報】 @ http://udn.com

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

擔任奧斯卡頒獎典禮的頒獎人是最好康的工作,和奧斯卡得主一樣,可以領到價值10萬美元(約台幣312萬元)的禮袋,美國影藝學院對禮袋內容一向保密,不過今年比較特殊的禮物包括一年份的軟糖豆,可以嘗盡50種口味。如果糖吃多影響身材,也不必擔心,還可以到紐約享受價值台幣10萬元的頂級spa。

有環保意識的明星還有其他好處,如果願意放棄耗油的加長禮車,乘坐環保汽車出場,環保組織將獻上環保禮,裡面包括價值2500美元到3500美元的鑽石墜子或別針,今年羅賓威廉斯和提姆羅賓斯都可以拿到。

此外,奧斯卡頒獎典禮是全球最盛大的服裝秀,設計師為了爭取明星在星光大道穿他們的作品,不但願意免費提供的服裝,還把鈔票往明星口袋裡塞,讓明星有穿又有得拿。

1995年鄔瑪舒曼穿Prada亮相、1999年葛妮絲派特洛的粉紅Ralph Lauren穿出公主氣質,品味令人稱道,但如今許多明星向錢看,為了錢寧可犧牲選擇服裝的自由。

尤其許多明星都有廣告合約,個人喜好也得擺一邊,像妮可基嫚是香奈兒香水模特兒、莎莉塞隆是CD香水模特兒、希拉蕊史旺是凱文克萊內衣模特兒,希拉蕊史旺在金球獎穿的衣服是什麼牌子不必猜也知道。

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

打開Google的首頁,再點按兩次滑鼠,便進入「Google實驗室」(Google Labs)。這裡收錄約十種發展中的技術,Google希望使用者有所反應,提出他們寶貴的意見和實用的點子,這樣的做法,等於拿全世界當實驗室...
編按:本文摘自《Google:Google成功的七堂課》一書;請見-->「自投羅網」網站。

打開Google的首頁,再點按兩次滑鼠,便進入「Google實驗室」(Google Labs)。這裡收錄約十種發展中的技術,其中有許多可能永遠不會化為實際的產品推出。它們放在那裡,是因為Google希望使用者有所反應,提出他們寶貴的意見和實用的點子。實際使用產品的人知道很多事情,能夠及早告訴Google,什麼構想不錯,將來有可能成功。

Google的做法,等於拿全世界當實驗室。任何人都可以試用它研發中的產品。這座實驗室,反映了它和使用者共有一種特質──公開實驗,容忍失敗。使用者曉得,Google推出的每一樣東西,並非都毫無瑕疵可言。他們也知道,自己是參與改善過程的一員,所以儘管向Google表示,什麼東西做得非常不錯,什麼東西做得很不好,以及可以如何改良。

Google鼓勵所有的員工,從總工作時數分配20%,也就是一個星期大約騰出一天的時間,獨立研究自己喜歡、感興趣的高科技計畫。訂定這項政策,是為了鼓勵工程師運用和發揮創意。如果研究成果有意思,Google會在線上測試它們,觀察有什麼樣的發展。

靠這種拼拼湊湊的運作方式,Google竟然在軟硬體的競賽中大幅領先敵手。它的成功模式已經拍板定案:組織完善的競爭對手只寄望從十拿九穩的業務擠出營業收入,Google那些通脫不拘的工程師,則願意闖出一條新的路子。

Google以它被視為網際網路上最好的搜尋技術,而建立起優異的聲譽和使用者基礎。它使用的策略,說穿了,卻是四處撒播種籽,看看會長出什麼東西來。它不斷把許多新產品、服務和技術往牆上丟,觀察哪些黏得牢。

免費電子郵件Gmail、不必開啟瀏覽器也能上網直接搜尋的Google Deskbar、購物搜尋引擎Froogle、搜尋書內世界的服務Google Print、已經從Google實驗室「畢業」的個人化新聞搜尋服務Google News,以及其他的個人化工具,都是從個人研究計畫政策孕育而生的。它們像斥候一樣,先被派出去感受使用者反應的冷熱。

舉例來說,Google News是起於工程師巴拉特(Krishna Bharat)2002年的個人研究計畫。雖然新聞搜尋仍處於「測試」(beta)階段,卻已吸引到廣大的網路閱聽人,深受愛用,並在Google的首頁以顯著的位置推廣。

Google News將每天的新聞綜合分成幾類,並有個人化的新聞快訊提報服務(Google Alert),使用者只要打進所關心新聞的關鍵字,遇有相關的新聞,Google就會發出電子報通知使用者。它吸引到的點擊率,已經不亞於主流新聞網站。

紐約大學的助理教授裴南柏格(Adam L. Penenberg)指出,Google推出新聞網站時,曾令雅虎新聞(Yahoo News)、MSNBC、CNN手心冒汗。這些競爭同業的新聞網站,每年不得不花數百萬美元,取得最新的新聞內容授權和支付記者、編輯薪水。Google 卻找到一種既便宜又快速的新聞搜尋方法。

Google News借重電腦演算法,新聞蒐集的過程完全自動化。它的高速電腦過濾篩選約七千個資訊來源(其中四千五百個是英文網站),決定哪些是相關性最高的文章。接著,它取標題和第一段部分文字張貼在新聞網頁上,並以標題做為外部連結。

使用者點按連結或照片縮圖時,他們被直接帶到新聞出版者的網頁。這和站在書報攤瀏覽報紙標題、引言段落、照片,然後選擇你想看的文章沒有兩樣。

Google News的頁面乾淨,沒有雜七雜八的廣告,再加上主力搜尋引擎已有的流量,很快就吸引到一群忠誠的讀者,因此躋身十大新聞網站之列,一個月有約六百萬非重複訪客上站。

Google相關文章大搜尋

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

我的網站在Google的PageRank「高達」5分,這在繁體個人網站中算是相當前面了,所以很多人常問我PageRank是什麼,又為什麼查很多關鍵字都會進入我的網站,下面是關於PageRank的簡單介紹,希望大家的PageRank都能提高一點,跟其他簡體網站競爭的時候,Google排名也好看一點。

 我脫離「網頁界」已經很久了,起碼從2001年開始,就沒有因為(製作、設計、規畫)網站而獲得任何直接的收入。不過在此之間,我對網路、網站的觀察、研究從未間斷,除了協助朋友架設網站外,也一直經營著現在這個 Richyli.com 。

 Richyli.com 看起來有點樸素、簡單,最近Blog興起之後,這種實用主義的簡約風格又大抬頭,但我的風格已經這樣很久了。在一堆樸素的網站之中,如果你有安裝Google的Toolbar的話,可以發現一件不那麼樸素、簡單的事情:我的PageRank高達5/10分。可能很多人沒有特別的感覺,「不也就是5分嗎?」但我如果跟你說中時電子報每年養了那麼多員工、花了那麼多錢,卻經常只有5分時,你就知道5分代表什麼意義了。

Google Pagerank 5/10
先來說說什麼是PageRank好了。

 在此之前要先確認一個前提:Google是全世界最重要的網路搜尋網站。如果你能夠認同這個觀點,下面的說法跟努力才有意義。如果Google是最重要的搜尋網站,那麼在Google名列前茅,也相當重要。否則網友輸入了某個關鍵字,然後Google說這個關鍵字大約有3,113,500 項搜尋結果,你的網站如果沒有被排在前50名,基本上都很難被使用者看到。

 很多人都會想:「平平我的網站也有這個關鍵字」,為什麼別的網站會出現在我的前面?Google利用了二種工具,來確保左側的關鍵字搜尋結果排名不會被惡意控制(但其實還是可以)。首先是跟早期搜尋引擎一樣的頁面分析,例如在這個頁面中,標題(Title)有沒有哪些關鍵字,頁面中這個關鍵字出現多少次、關鍵字出現在什麼位置。這個東西不是Google的專利, AltaVista就是這樣幹,不過還沒有開始大量獲利,就被Google幹掉了,因為這種方式非常容易被操弄,一個國小學生如果製作了一個總統府網站,而且他也很乖地將標題寫成「總統府」,內頁出現了大量的「總統府」字眼,說不定查詢「總統府」,國小學生的總統府網站可能會出現在總統府官方網站之前。我知道你不喜歡這樣,我也不喜歡。

 Google第二個工具就是後來能夠獨霸一方的秘密PageRank。有了PageRank,Google就知道某個網站是不是確實「很重要」。Google的PageRank一共有10分,11個等級(包含0分)。這個PageRank理論上是浮動的,每個月可能都會變動。

 Google 的PageRank公式十分複雜,而且也不是一成不變。但簡單地來說,就是衡量某個網站是否被其他網站(或背後的網站經營者、管理者)所肯定。你如果有網站,通常不會隨便去連結別人的網站,當你連結出去之後,就等於投對方網站一票。Google基本上看幾樣東西:

1. 連結進來的數量。愈多,當然愈好。
2. 外部連結網站自己的PageRank。愈高愈好。
3. 外部連結網站連結出去的數量。越低越好。

 當關鍵字分析的結果相同的時候,Pagerank越高,Google排名就會越前面。但根據我的經驗,Pagerank對於排名的重要性還是比頁面分析高,一個Pagerank 2分的網站,管他內容多麼相關,可能都比不上一個Pagerank 10分但內容低度相關的網頁。
如何提高PageRank

 想要提高PageRank,讓自己的網頁容易被搜索到,其實並不困難。最重要的關鍵就是讓別人的網站連結你的網站,而且對方的PageRank越高越好,但連出來的連結越少越好,下面是幾種可行的方案:

1. 瘋狂登錄:將你的資料提供給所有搜尋引擎,這樣最起碼PageRank可以向上提升1到2分。
2. 與朋友互相連結:團結就是力量,你有網站、我也有,只要兩個人的網站互連,就會彼此受惠,PageRank都會提高「一點點」,何樂而不為,而且互相拉抬之後,如果朋友的網站PageRank因此提高,從他那邊分過來的分數也會提高,但也切勿漫無目的隨意內容相差太多的網站,否則可能被當成惡搞。
3. 提升網站品質:只要你的網站資料豐富、有趣,不用要求也會有人主動連結,這是經營網站的本質,也是確保PageRank的重要手段。我常常上網查到底有誰連結過Richyli.com,每次都覺得很好玩,也很感謝這些站長的連結。

 當然別忘了,Google除了PageRank之外也使用了頁面分析技術,如果你想要被搜尋到,最好盡量將「關鍵字」放在頁面的Title中,然後在頁面中再度提到這些關鍵字,才能確保自己想要被搜尋到的東西真的可以脫穎而出,獲得較好的Google排名,讓網頁在Google的第一頁出現。

 除了Google之外,目前許多後起的搜尋引擎其實多少也仿效了PageRank的技術,只不過PageRank已經註冊商標了,所以其他搜尋引擎不敢大聲嚷嚷。無論如何,只要你網站的內容豐富、在大型搜尋引擎登錄,不論搜尋技術如何改,名次都不至於太差。如果你真的沒有能力把Google左邊的排名做上去,Google同情你,允許你花錢買右邊的AdWord!

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(1) 人氣()

2005/02/22自由時報 年後開工已經一個禮拜,你還是瘦不了嗎?胖瘦自如的好萊塢明星到底怎麼控制身材,快來參考吧!

區域減重法
★追隨者 瑪丹娜、莎拉潔西卡派克、珊卓布拉克、辛蒂克勞馥、芮妮齊薇格

 珊卓布拉克曾透露,靠這個方法,讓她成功甩掉六公斤肥肉。「BJ單身日記」裡的女主角芮妮齊薇格忽胖忽瘦的身材,簡直跟變魔術一樣伸縮自如,靠的是運動與飲食的相互配合,飲食部分就是奉行區域減重法,搭配專屬教練史蒂文為她設計的每日至少80分鐘的瑜珈技巧。

★理論根據
 生化學家巴里‧席爾斯(Barry Sears)博士發現,藉由高蛋白質、低碳水化合物的飲食法,可以讓身體荷爾蒙平衡,讓人進入輕鬆、愉快的狀態,這樣的狀態稱為區域(the zone)。

 當人自然而然地進入這個區域,就無須挨餓減肥,根據席爾斯說法,碳水化合物容易使血糖升高、血糖又容易導致高胰島素和肥胖,所以,減肥就得從這系列連鎖反應著手,包括胰島素、血糖、脂肪等都被他稱為「超級荷爾蒙」,一旦順利阻斷這些超級荷爾蒙,人就能瘦下來呢!

★正確吃法
 重點:選擇不讓胰島素迅速升高的食物,澱粉類控制於總熱量的40%以下,蛋白質與脂肪類各約占30%。

 近期科學園區的大老闆及成功企業人士,紛紛興起了吃「地瓜餐」排毒,在飲食上也奉行「戒三白(白飯、白肉、白麵)」,這類飲食法就與區域減肥法有點類似。

 媚登峰總營養師方晴誼說,區域減重法有點類似日本流行的低胰島素(低GI)減重法,在選擇食物種類時,選擇不讓胰島素迅速竄升的食物,繼而讓血糖維持在穩定的狀態,一旦血糖穩定了,你就不會有大吃大喝的意念了!

 什麼是不讓胰島素迅速升高的食物呢?方晴誼說,以越接近食物原始樣貌為優先,還有能維持飽足感越久的越好。例如:地瓜雖然為澱粉類,卻是好的澱粉類,因為擁有高纖維,能刺激、幫助腸胃蠕動,企業界所戒食的三白,比如說白米、白糖都是經過加工精緻過的食物,儘管能滿足口腹之慾,卻不能讓你更瘦更健康。還有,適度的油脂,也可以幫助飽足感提升,降低對食物的渴求。

 另外,麵包、米飯、義大利麵、胡蘿蔔、玉米、豌豆、馬鈴薯、香蕉、葡萄乾、木瓜、果汁、冰淇淋、蜂蜜和糖等等,則都是讓胰島素迅速升高、不鼓勵攝取的食物。雞肉、魚肉、燕麥、蔬果則是多食無礙。

★營養師說:
 肝、腎方面疾病患者,最好不要嘗試這種減肥法,因為高蛋白質容易增加腎臟負擔。不過,蛋白質也有好壞之分,通常蛋白質的品質不好,就得靠大量的重口味調味料掩蓋腥羶,所以,能吃出食材美味的肉品才是好的蛋白質,方晴誼說,飲食是基本的,透過正確的選擇飲食內容,一輩子都能受益無窮呢!

阿金減重法

★追隨者 布萊德彼特與分居老婆珍妮佛安妮斯頓這對銀色夫妻、凱薩琳麗塔瓊斯、琥碧戈珀、嗆辣妹潔芮、碧昂絲

 凱薩琳麗塔瓊斯利用這種方法,產後迅速恢復魔鬼身材。碧昂絲一直持續以低澱粉飲食體重管理法,並且每天慢跑數公里保持身材。

★理論根據
  對於無法克服食慾的明星們來說,心臟病學家羅伯特阿金在暢銷書《阿金博士的減肥大革命》中提倡的減肥法可說是一大福音。在美國,阿金被稱為低醣飲食之父,阿金博士認為,吃下了碳水化合物後,血糖上升,胰島素跟著上升。

 依照阿金的說法,身體過胖的人,體內一直製造著過多的胰島素,所以,只要能禁絕碳水化合物,身體就能處於酮態(ketosis),不僅食慾跟著消失,脂肪也會被大量分解。

★正確吃法
 重點:可以吃大魚大肉等高蛋白及脂肪類,不過,碳水化合物絕對忌口。

 儘管醫界、營養師對於這樣的減重法,大力批判,但事實證明,每天將澱粉控制於25g左右連續兩個星期,減重效果幾乎是非常明顯的。

★營養師說:
 不吃麵、飯及麵包類等等飲食規則,或是晚餐不進食澱粉類食物的非常手段,幾乎都是高蛋白減重法,這種只吃蛋白質不吃澱粉的減重方法,短時間的確可以快速燃燒身體脂肪,而且不用忍受飢腸轆轆的感覺,還能使人立即感受到體重的變化。

 不過,方晴誼強調,均衡營養是必須的,沒有醣類做燃燒的情況下,容易導致酮酸中毒,對腎臟造成極大負擔,以東方人來說,滷肉飯、牛肉麵等主食,幾乎都以澱粉類為主食結構,想靠這個方法瘦一輩子,簡直是難上加難!所以,想執行這個非常手段,最好每次執行三天,千萬不要持續長久都不吃澱粉類。

運動+高蛋白飲食+減肥藥
★追隨者
小甜甜布蘭妮

 小甜甜一旦變成肥甜甜那可就大事不妙了,不過,年紀不過二十出頭的她,也是嘴饞一族,每天至少得進食五次,她曾說過:「我想吃什麼的時候就盡情吃,但從不過量。」菜肴中必須含有豐富蛋白質則是她的堅持,餐桌上最常見的食物包括沙拉、雞肉、湯和水果,教練鍛鍊加上不間斷的練舞,也造就了她鏡頭前的完美體態。

 不過,除了充分運動量及飲食,她還有秘密武器,就是在英國希斯羅國際機場的免稅店狂買一種叫做「Zantrex-3」的減肥藥,據說,對燃燒卡路里相當有用呢!消息一出,這種減肥藥立刻被肥胖者視為仙丹妙藥,還造成美國境內嚴重缺貨呢!

★營養師說:
 方晴誼認為,運動不是減重,卻可以讓食物攝取量下降,適度的讓新陳代謝維持,對減肥是有加持效果的!

察言觀色 減重法
★追隨者 凱特溫絲蕾

 拍攝電影「鐵達尼號」時,這位身材豐潤的女主角總被冠上性感豐滿的稱號,之後,她的體重還增加了好幾公斤,不過,她仍以自己70公斤的體重為榮,並自信滿滿地說:「我堅持我的體重,絕不受好萊塢瘦身狂熱的影響。」不過,狠話說沒多久後,她便努力減肥,目前,她的體重維持在58公斤左右。

★理論根據
 凱特溫絲蕾的減肥法,完全來自她多年的摸索,稱之察言觀色飲食療法(face-reading-diet)。她將臉部分為面容、輪廓、線條、皮膚質地(顏色、光澤與潔淨細嫩程度),然後逐一加以分析,了解之後,再利用飲食調整改善,應該進食幾次、補充何種纖維素及礦物質。

★正確吃法
 比如說,早上一起床發現臉部腫脹,一定是吃了太多身體難以吸收或承受的東西,造成體內積水;若是一起床眼睛布滿血絲,肯定是吃太油膩,今天可得少攝取些油脂了!

★營養師說:
 方晴誼認為,營養學有所謂的營養評估,透過身體髮膚的觀察,了解營養吸收的狀況,例如:嘴巴乾代表礦物質、維生素攝取不足;掉頭髮則表示蛋白質的選擇不良;一早起床很疲倦表示你該補充體力了;肩頸感到痠痛,也代表吃了太多油膩的食物;不過,這些症狀通常不會快速出現,當出現時,就表示自己該檢討自己吃下肚的東西囉!

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

擁有台灣最齊全、種類最多、規模最大的簡體字書店「上海書店」,即將於後天正式在繁華的台北東區開賣。讀者除了得以第一時間掌握大陸書籍豐富的題材之外,也可以買得輕鬆、買得便宜又大碗!

由聯經出版社與上海最大、同時也是大陸數一數二的民營書店季風書園合作成立的「上海書店」,150坪大,展售兩萬多種、六萬多冊的大陸簡體字圖書,是目前台灣最大、最齊全的簡體字書店。

過去簡體字書店多聚集在大學校園附近,同時客群鎖定學生與教授,上海書店則挑選捷運市政府站出口步行兩分鐘,最繁華的台北忠孝東路四段561號三樓設立門市,同時除了文史哲方面的圖書外,還特別加強大陸與海外旅遊、生活、藝術等方面的書籍,以吸引一般的讀者群。

聯經發行人林載爵指出,上海書店的書,都是由季風書園從大陸568家出版社中推薦出來,再經過聯經出版社的挑選。由於季風書園在大陸就以擅長選書出名,因此在書籍的品質上,都有一定的水準,讀者更不必擔心買到大陸猖獗的盜版書。而店方也接受民眾訂書,下單之後,三周左右可以拿到書。

定價方面,所有書籍一律以定價乘五賣出,會員還可享乘4.5的優惠。林載爵強調,過去校園附近的大陸圖書業者削價競爭,幾乎以人民幣兌台幣的一比四價格賣出,結果造成生存困難;上海書店決定不加入混戰,決定以齊全書種為主,不過即便如此,目前的價格仍比台灣出版書籍便宜一半以上。

林載爵表示,去年聯經忠孝門市舉辦「第一屆大陸圖書展售會」,七千冊簡體字書幾乎銷售一空,剩下的也全數被圖書館買走;而這次台北國際書展也顯示,購買簡體字圖書的讀者群也不再僅限於學生與老一輩讀者。未來除了聯經出版社的網站之外,也正與博客來網路書店洽談合作方式,以服務網路讀者。

【2005/02/22 聯合晚報】 @ http://udn.com

簡体書店台北現》書價誘人 譯法磨人【記者袁世忠/台北報導】
聯經出版發行人林載爵表示,大陸圖書除了價格便宜外,種類豐富更是對台灣讀者的一大誘因;不過,兩岸許多名詞的用法或翻譯不同,卻是至今難以解決的問題。

林載爵指出,大陸書的平均定價都至少比台灣便宜三分之一,台灣新書一本約要300元新台幣,但大陸書只要25元人民幣,就算照定價乘5來賣,售價還不到台灣的一半。對讀者而言,非常有吸引力。

林載爵強調,大陸圖書非常豐富,例如許多大文豪、諾貝爾文學獎得主的作品全集,台灣可能找不到,但是大陸卻全都有;而除了過去一般人知道的文史哲方面叢書外,大陸近幾年旅遊、生活類的書籍,內容豐富、編排精美,毫不亞於台灣。

另外,過去大陸在企管、市場研究的書籍,多半自台灣引進,或是國外翻譯的作品。林載爵說,這幾年大陸的學者也開始出版自己的商管書籍,而且許多針對大陸市場所作的研究,豐富且齊全,對於想要研究大陸市場,或是前往投資的人而言,是極好的情報來源。

林載爵表示,簡體閱讀並不困難,常用的字彙大概一千多字而已,多看幾次就適應了;不過,許多翻譯的名詞卻相差十萬八千里,例如台灣翻成「卡謬」的法國作家,在大陸卻翻成「加謬」,對於不是該領域的讀者而言,會非常辛苦,也是最麻煩的地方。

【2005/02/22 聯合晚報】 @ http://udn.com

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

  除了「中元普渡」外,傳說我們還曾有個「台灣普慶」,聽過嗎?
 
傳說是這樣的。一九四七年的二二八事變後,接下來直至一九八○年代,蔣介石(1887-1975)和蔣經國(1909-1988)父子的中國國民黨在全台各地以「清鄉、綏靖、抓匪諜到打台獨」為名,地域不分南北,人民不分省籍,殺的殺,關的關,死傷無數。其間有一天,年漸老,體漸衰的蔣介石為了想知道還能活多久,就召了一個名聞遐邇的算命仙進府來問。算命仙不假思索地回道:「報告總統,不瞞您說,您將會死在『台灣普慶節』的那天」。老蔣緊張地問:「『台灣普慶節』?那是什麼時候?」算命仙說:「報告總統,不瞞您說,還不知道。」老蔣神色不悅地說:「還不知道?那你怎麼知道,我會死在台灣普慶節那一天?」算命仙:「報告總統,不瞞您說,因為,不管是哪一天,您死的那天就是『台灣普慶節』」。

 那個算命仙的下場?不瞞您說,我也不知道。反正那年頭,有多少人就這麼不見了,敢說出心裡話的人,通常是一上場就不會有什麼好下場。何況,軍警情特加抓耙仔,滴水不漏,即便是傳說裡編出來的人物也照樣沒保障的。那,還會有台灣普慶節嗎?不瞞您說,我也不知道,不過,不管是哪一天,中國國民黨……。

 「傳說」者,「傳來傳去大家說」也。「傳說」當然並不僅止於「政治」層面,但是在獨裁政權的時代裡,有關政治人物的「傳說」卻扮演著很特殊的角色。它可算是野史的一種,不具權威感,也無可信度可言,但卻常是被壓迫者宣洩不滿、恐懼和表達期盼、願望的重要管道之一。從而,越是狠毒、強悍的獨裁者越容易、越適合成為政治傳說裡的主角,因為那是被迫害者唯一能排遣他們「無力感」的最有力工具。在戒嚴時代裡,台獨實踐者「江蓋世」的英文拼音因與獨夫「蔣介石」雷同而生的各類傳說就是一例。然而,傳說並不必然隨著「極權統治」的消逝而絕跡。尤其當「極權統治者」的「業績」並未因民主時代的到來而被重新定位時,「傳說」依舊有其必要。我不能不說,除了「必要」外,這更是一種遺憾。

 從受迫害者的角度所編出來的「傳說」毋寧是某種程度的「日記」,是一種隨著受迫害者一同被擠壓而變形的「口述之日記」,它的昇華形式則是「筆撰之文學」。而迫害者的「日記」其實則是另外一種類型的「傳說」,是當權者展現「無所不能」的另一個場域,是獨裁者化腐朽為神奇、「瞞著您說」的最有力工具。獨裁者在日記裡所寫下來的,往往非純「客觀事實」的陳述,而是「主觀意願」的記載。李筱峰教授在其近著《台灣人應該認識的蔣介石》(頁64-70)裡為我們準備了一個很好的例子。

 一九四六年十月二十一日至二十八日,蔣介石來台灣視察一個星期。彼時,由於台灣省行政長官公署的腐敗、無能和顢頇,台灣人民對「祖國」政府及軍隊的不滿早已達到沸騰的狀態。就於蔣介石在台期間,林茂生主持的「民報」曾乘機提出懇切的「訴願」:

  光復以來,已經過一年餘,因由祖國移來不少的壞習氣,加之貪污案情續出,而且有以征服者之對待被征服者的優越態度,使台胞們發生了極大的憤懣與不快,甚至有生起悲觀,放棄了對於將來的希望……。

 然而,在那一個星期裡,遊山玩水和到處接受人民夾道歡迎的蔣介石在十月二十六日的日記裡寫的卻是:「台灣尚未被共黨份子所滲透,可視為一片乾淨土。今後應積極加以建設,使之成為一模範省,則俄、共雖狡詐百出,必欲亡我國家而甘心者,其將無如我何乎!余此次巡視台灣,在政治上對台灣民眾之心理影響必大也。」眾所皆知,豈止是「心理影響」而已,還有「生命影響」哩!四個月後,二二八事件爆發,林茂生正是諸多死難的菁英之一!

 再看十月三十一日,針對台灣行,蔣介石又在日記裡寫道:「巡視台灣之收穫,較諸巡視東北之收穫尤大,得知全國民心之所向」。「民心之所向」早已變成「信心之死巷」,可獨裁者還沾沾自喜於「巡視之豐收」,獨裁者的「日記」之不可信,可見一斑。獨裁者的「日記」不可信,那麼,獨裁者去世後,例如一九七五年四月,蔣介石走掉的那個月,聯合報集團的聯經出版社所出的《仁者畫像 │總統 蔣公紀念文集》裡所收的各種社論、專文可信嗎?隔年的四月,例如台北市立金華女子國民中學「恭印」的《總統 蔣公逝世週年紀念文集》裡面,從校長到老師,從國一到國三的學生所寫的紀念文、哀悼文可信嗎?我們不必浪費筆墨從中舉例,也不必細究那些撰文者的「噁心」是「苦心」抑或是「交心」,畢竟走了的只是獨裁者,而非獨裁體制│ 老子走了,兒子還在呢!更何況幾十年的愚民教育及擾民管制所產生的影響和壓力!

 那些逝世紀念文集、報刊社論、各界專文的哀戚肉麻話語若所言皆真,那「中華民國的偉大領袖,中華民族的偉大救星,人類維護正義自由的偉大鬥士」,如聯合報一九七五年四月七日的社論之開頭語所稱,竟然敢撒手人寰,棄世界、中國、台灣萬千子民於不顧,不就簡直是「該死」了?那種由孝子蔣經國以降,舉國皆披麻,上下全帶孝的場景及話語當然也就跟獨裁者的日記一樣,是在一種特殊的人工環境之下所炮製出來的,是一種主觀的片面意願以包山包海的方式強加在台灣上空所造成的假象,無庸置疑,是禁不起時代的考驗的。那麼,禁得起時間和空間考驗的真話在哪裡?在傳說裡,在文學裡。

 一九七五年七月二十四日,蔣介石去世四個月不到,本名林文德的作家東方白寫成他的短篇小說〈孝子〉,由於在台找不到可發表的園地,最後勉強於同年十月登在香港的《七十年代》。〈孝子〉的主角姓黃,家住宜蘭,名已不可考,鄉人只叫他「孝子」。而「孝子」也真是個孝子,不管他那名為黃發的父親生活如何荒唐,聲名如何狼藉,年輕時吃喝嫖賭,年老時與藥為伍,孝子總是只說他的好話,且「把他父親想成是村裡最了不起的人」。

 有一年,老弱多病的父親終於走了,孝子花了大錢遠至萬華買了福州杉棺木,又找了萬華最有名的風水師上山找了個龍穴。至於墓碑,則特地派人到花蓮的太魯閣採購了一塊大理石墓碑,然後再從台南聘請了最有名的刻碑師傅來,準備在墓碑上刻上最體面的墓誌銘。然而問題來了,墓誌銘要寫什麼?身為百萬富翁的孝子就包了一個大紅包請來宜蘭當時唯一的秀才為他父親寫了一篇文情並茂的墓誌銘。只是,儘管秀才絞盡腦汁,無中生有地寫出來的內容,孝子讀了後,還是覺得不滿意。最後,他決定自己帶著紙筆上山到各墓地去抄人家的墓誌銘,看到好的就記下來,準備回去後再重新組合,湊成一篇盡善盡美的墓誌銘給他父親。

 這一天,又上山抄墓誌銘的孝子累到睡倒在一塊墓碑旁。醒來時,天已全黑,張開眼,卻看到每塊墓碑前都跪著個穿白衣的男人或女人,而且每個人手裡都抓著塊石頭,披頭散髮地在努力磨掉墓碑上的墓誌銘。偶爾還有一個牛頭,一個馬面手拿叉戟,來回巡邏,監視著那些男女。孝子好不容易克服了心裡的恐懼,就近問一位工作中的老伯說:「阿…伯…你們三更半夜在這墳場磨這墓碑做什麼?」老伯一邊繼續磨墓碑,一邊說:「少年家,別來打擾我!我必須在天亮雞啼前把這些字磨光,否則回到陰間,閻羅王又要給我更多的刑罰」。

 在孝子的追問下,滿頭大汗的老伯才接著說:「這還不是我的兒子害了我!假如不是他在我的墓碑上刻了這許多胡說八道不合事實的墓誌銘,我今天也不至於落到這步田地。」原來,閻羅王命他們晚上來「洗刷」他們「不該得的虛名」,結果,「那些沒有墓誌銘的,晚上可以好好睡覺」,而他們「這些有墓誌銘的,晚上就被牛頭馬面牽來這裡磨自己的墓誌銘……如果磨光了便完事也好,可是,天一亮,這些磨光的字可又顯出來了,於是第二天晚上又得開始磨。啊!這苦日子不知哪一天才能完結,要不是我兒子害了我,我也不會死了還受這麼大的罪。」

 孝子靜靜地聽著,老伯又說:「唉!這些死人的兒子也未免太傻了,他們以為一旦為他們父親刻了漂亮的墓誌銘,便能蒙騙別人了,閻羅王手裡的鬼錄記著我們在世時的一言一行……再說騙騙活人嗎?你想哪一個活人看了這墓誌銘會相信上面說的鬼話?」話說完沒多久,天已微亮,已有雞啼報曉,磨石聲漸歇,牛頭馬面帶著眾鬼紛紛離去。孝子茫茫然地下了山。不幾天,孝子父親墳上的大理石墓碑已豎好。村人看了都大失所望,原來,墓碑上除了死者的名字和生死年月日以外,竟沒半個字的墓誌銘!從此以後,沒人再叫「孝子」為「孝子」了。孝子直到臨終前,才告訴他的子孫實情為何。

 東方白的寓言作品在台灣文學家裡是有名的,這篇短短沒幾頁的小說除了很巧妙地應用了希臘神話「西西弗斯」裡的母題外,放在蔣介石去世那一年,台灣處處滿佈著「墓誌銘」的歷史氛圍來讀,更有隱喻之妙。一時間,我們不由要問,到底是誰在「鬼話連篇」?死者「黃發」隱指「謊話」,好個東方白,深知台灣當時之既黑!

 回到眼前,日前報載,蔣方智怡女士已代表蔣家與美國史丹佛大學胡佛研究中心簽約,將兩蔣日記交之保管五十年,並稱兩蔣日記是屬於中國人的,希望有朝一日能回到中國的土地上。日記原本在台灣,如今說,希望日後回到中國的土地上去,倒是清清楚楚地證實了,在他等的心目中,儘管「台灣是中國不可分割的一部分」,但是要說起「正統」,那對不起,中國是中國,台灣連邊都沾不上!這就是為什麼,他們當初無法接受李登輝當中國黨的主席,當「中華民國」的總統之故。這就是為什麼,民進黨執政後,他們在很多情況下都抱持著「寧予外人,不給家奴」的態度之故。蔣方智怡甚且當眾明言,擔憂兩蔣日記在台灣會受到不當的「濫用」。我們對蔣方智怡所代表的「蔣方質疑」予以尊重,但是身為台灣人,尤其在二二八事件紀念日的前夕,憶起直到蔣經國時代的林義雄祖孫、陳文成等慘案,我們也有「台方質疑」,那就是:終其兩蔣時代,中國黨「磨掉」公領域的台灣歷史,致其千瘡百孔,今卻獨留╱毒瘤獨裁者私領域的完整日記,不管所載為何,吾人絕對不上「私而忘公」的當!其參考可也,若要求真,還不如回頭翻閱人民的文學!多言無益,有詩為證:

  獨裁日記當符令,鬼話連篇焉能信

  帝王閻王無所禁,牛頭馬面算英俊

  台灣普天難同慶,生不逢時遇歹運

  有碑無文多少命,墓誌悲鳴代拓印

  (作者謝志偉,東吳大學德文系教授)

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

  最近俄羅斯一位巴蕾舞星因為被人嫌太胖而遭解雇,成為全球性的熱門話題。事實上,不管從事哪一種行業,擁有一副苗條的身材仍舊是許多女性朋友的夢想。因此市面上出現各種減肥方法,受到許多女性的青睞。現在最基本的減肥方法應該是控制飲食及多運動吧!另外,還有藥物治療及外科手術等等。究竟哪一種方法最有效,這要看個人的體質和身體狀況而定。那麼,您有沒有聽說過「恐懼減肥法」呢?這種運用恐懼感而減輕體重的方法,既簡單又便宜,在日本女性朋友之間悄悄的受到注意。

  一提到恐懼感,許多人第一個聯想到的遊樂設施,應該是雲霄飛車吧!日本一家雜誌社最近邀請兩位20幾歲的男、女讀者到東京一家遊樂場參加一項減肥實驗。實驗方法是,請他們體驗一下各種令人感到恐怖的遊樂設備,觀察實驗前後他們的體重是否有變化。

  量完體重後,他們的第一個挑戰是,號稱全日本最快的雲霄飛車。這種雲霄飛車雖然全程只有1分鐘,但在發車短短1.8秒後,時速就會飆到172公里,途中還有 74度的急轉彎,過程相當驚險。

  接著請他們繼續搭乘另一種被金氏記錄認定為全世界最恐怖的雲霄飛車。這種最高79公尺、最高時速為130公里、全程3分鐘的雲霄飛車,一會兒垂直直落、一會兒斜著滑行,搖晃得相當厲害。

  搭完這兩種雲霄飛車之後,他們再度接受體重檢查。結果發現,他們的體重都有明顯變化。以男生為例,體重減少了0.6公斤,女生的體重更減少了0.7公斤。

  請他們休息一段時間之後,再繼續進行下一個實驗──鬼屋。這家娛樂場的鬼屋比一般的鬼屋更恐怖。除了充斥著陰森森的氣氛外,內部還設有616公尺長的迷宮,過程驚險萬伏,全程至少需要40分鐘才可以走完。兩位實驗者好不容易才走出鬼屋後,再度接受體重檢查。結果發現,他們的體重比搭完雲霄飛車時又減少了一些。男生減重了0.7公斤,女生減重了0.6公斤。

  因此總體來說,扣掉他們吸收的水分量之後,男性的體重是由原本的73.1公斤減到72.4公斤,女生的體重是由48.8公斤減到47.6公斤,也就是說,受到恐懼之後,體重的確變輕,可說是達到減肥的效果。

  令人感到可怕的,除了雲霄飛車及鬼屋之外,還有跳水。這家雜誌社另外邀請了一位現年30歲的前跳水選手跳水,觀察她的體重變化。這位女前選手分別從3公尺、7.5公尺及10公尺的高度共跳了7次,結果她的體重果然比跳水前減少了0.5公斤,也就是說,跳水時間的短短1分鐘就減肥成功了。

  從這些實驗結果來看,恐懼減肥法似乎可以獲得某種程度的效果。那麼這種減肥法從醫學的角度怎麼解釋呢?靜岡縣濱松醫科大學一位教授指出,當人體受到恐懼感時,交感神經受到刺激,讓大量的水蒸氣從體內散發出去,同時也消耗體內的能量,因此可以減輕體重。不過這位醫生也提醒民眾,如果交感神經長時間受到刺激,會使心跳加速,導致血管收縮,引發血栓的現象,甚至會併發動脈硬化等疾病,相當危險。

  除此之外,這種減肥方法雖然短短幾分鐘就可以完成,作法既簡單又便宜,但在精神上受到相當大的折磨和痛苦,必須付出相當大的代價。想要減肥的您,願不願意嘗試看看呢?

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(1) 人氣()

人一生下來,就開始最初的吃食——吮乳,自此吃吃喝喝不停,且一日三餐,直到呼吸停止,壽終正寢。

活著,若要覺得還有人生趣味,至少要有想吃的衝動,也吃得下。等到什麼都不想吃了,生命真的可能已到了盡頭。

吃,儘管這麼重要,但,稍微研究一下「吃」這個字,一邊是口,一邊是乞,也就是說,要吃飽喝足就必須付出辛苦代價。想弄到食物,就要會說些好聽的話。「吃」的同義字——「喫」字更為沈重。口說無憑,還要訂下「契約」,所謂「拿人手短,吃人嘴軟」。古時窮人簽下「賣身契」,都是因為接受了別人的好處。

人是大地上的覓食者,一生一世都在為吃食忙碌。

吃是幸福象徵,吃也是痛苦的根源。有東西吃,真好,沒有東西吃,會愁死人。

早晨醒來,洗臉刷牙、運動看報之後,我們總是問:「早上吃什麼?」到了中午,飢腸轆轆,又會問:「中午吃什麼?」晚餐時間一到,也忙著問:「晚上吃什麼?」想到會有一頓好吃的食物,多麼令人興奮,反之,沒什麼好吃的東西,失望之情,也就油然而生。
出外旅行,更是如此,每到一個新的城市,最想尋找的就是一間好餐廳,世上所有供應美食的餐廳,都是老天送給我們的禮物。

青少年時期,因為家裡窮,似乎沒有不好吃的東西。只要是食物都吃得津津有味,且心存感激。我尤其喜歡到別人家吃飯,飯桌上的菜,樣樣好吃,偶爾有機會到餐廳用餐,快樂的心情更是揮之不去。

做窮人也許有一百樣不好,但有一樣是好的——一張什麼都好吃的嘴。不管吃什麼,總是面露微笑,享受吃食的滿足,這樣的窮人,其實仍是有福之人。使人啼笑皆非的是窮人富貴命——身上沒錢,可又想吃好的,嘴還挑得厲害,食物烹飪技巧稍差,或食物稍有走味,一到他的舌尖,立刻有所警覺,這才是真正的苦命人。

我曾有過一張窮人吃什麼都香噴噴的嘴。近三十歲時,青新大哥讓我有一次三十六天的歐洲之旅,我的味蕾突然甦醒,開始懂得品嘗食物一級和一級之間的差別,才知道人一旦懂得吃美味食物,也是一種麻煩。

嘴像極了人,人不能過分寵愛,天下多的是恃寵而驕的人。嘴也一樣,一旦讓嘴吃盡天下美味,可有得你煩,每到吃飯時間,總是躊躇起來,想不出有什麼餐廳值得自己奔走前往,好不容易想到一家餐廳,總被自己腦海「不好吃」三個字否決,啊,這麼大的一座城市,找不到一家有吸引力的餐廳,這就是嗜珍饈者的下場。

經濟富裕之後,人們對食物開始挑剔,有時一桌盛宴,舉箸者竟然蹙緊眉頭,好不容易夾了一口小菜放進嘴裡,結果嘴角漾出的不是微笑,而是面容顯現的失望之情,啊,人間最大的悲劇不是病痛衰老,而是食不知味,還有更不堪的是——難吃,任何山珍海味,到了他的嘴裡只覺得難吃。

可這世上真有難吃的食物。許多完全不懂吃喝的人偏要開家餐廳,有時房屋外觀也還中看,內部裝設,尚稱不俗,抱著愉快的心情進內用餐,等到食物一一端出,發現味同嚼蠟,真的是會吃出火來。一家餐廳,能夠讓人由盼望而失望,甚至吃得讓人發怒,想摔東西,這樣的餐廳還不是一家兩家。隨便吃飯的人愈多,表示我們的文化正在下降,大家的生活品質當然跟著下滑。

有文化的地方,就有好吃的食物。只要是歷史上的故都、舊城,食物入胃,一定會讓你有飛翔的感覺。但有一個前提,這些地區必須長治久安。任何一個國家或地區,只要政局動盪不安,人們就會縮衣節食,但求溫飽。外食人口大量銳減,餐飲業生意一落千丈,誰還會講究食物的味道。文革十年,大陸上所有的餐廳紛紛關門。民國七十九年,正逢出版業「五小」鼎盛時期,「大地」姚大姐、「九歌」蔡先生、「洪範」的步榮兄和我一起陪林先生旅遊北京,大家提起京都小吃,問導遊,現在北京各式食物,能和林海音寫《城南舊事》那個時代比嗎?導遊說:「正逐漸恢復中」,可見必須社會安定繁榮景象出現,人人生活都達到中產階級水準,社會上自然才會產生多樣的各式好吃食物。

台灣從貧窮到經濟起飛,國民平均所得於民國八十九年到達最高點——一萬三仟玖佰捌拾伍美元,彼時餐廳業生意之佳,不先預訂,幾乎家家找不到座位。那時台灣餐飲最大特色是可以吃到全世界各地的菜,以及全中國各省的菜,從燒餅油條、蟹殼黃到餃子、饅頭和各式麵點應有盡有,湘菜、粵菜、四川菜、湖南菜、江浙菜……而台灣小吃更是有名,從南到北,都有特產,價廉物美,讓人流連夜市;至於西方食物,從法國、德國、日本、泰國到印尼菜,彷彿腸胃也在環遊世界。

這幾年隨著社會的改變以及景氣欠佳,傳統餐廳開始沒落,隨著早年懂得吃食也講究口味的老饕高陽、王藍、夏元瑜、唐魯孫、張繼高等人故去,老師傅手藝亦逐漸失傳,最初膾炙人口的好餐廳如狀元樓、渝園、石家飯店、山西餐廳、徐州糝子、致美樓、真北平等等餐廳都消失了。代之而起的是改良式的第二代甚至第三代複合式餐廳,口味逐漸混雜,裝潢或中或西,甚至改為中餐西吃,正宗道地的菜肴消失凋零,燒餅油條店亦大量減少,條條巷弄均出現三明治和漢堡早餐店,顯然國人飲食習慣和生活方式均在改變中。

「我的美食是你的毒藥」,每個人的飲食習慣和差異性,可謂南轅北轍。我自己這些年愛吃的東西和以往有了極大的改變。如果一個人上街吃飯,多數吃西餐,湯、麵包、主菜,簡單又適量。主菜總是選魚,「紅廚」的菠菜蘑菇湯(不加蛋黃)以及另一道菠菜比目魚,那可是吃前人人想,吃後又回味無窮的佳肴;內湖的「愛上咖啡」有一道鯛魚,不知加了什麼調味品,嘗過之後,也會讓我專程前往,想要舊夢重溫。

而最好吃的魚當然必須是香港師傅清蒸的石斑,能在潮州餐館食用,更是正宗,但可遇不可求,一來潮州菜出名的貴,其次中餐總要一桌人吃飯才合算,一個人用餐,是不太可能點一條石斑的。

真正懂得吃魚的老饕會說:「西餐廳的魚怎麼可能好吃?」但我確實有一次在「長春藤」吃過一塊石斑,當晚廚師不知是在怎樣一種好心情的狀況竟煮出那樣一頓好餐,往後我再點同一道菜,味道就是不一樣了。

鰻魚必須到日本料理店食用,鰻魚好吃與否完全靠廚藝。天津街有一家京都屋鰻料理,吃過他們的鰻魚蒸籠,再吃一般店裡的鰻魚飯,就會難以下嚥。

魚之外,我也好食各種硬果。第一最愛是白果,學名銀杏。通常我買帶殼的,放在烤箱裡,三五分鐘後,敲開來吃,帶點苦澀味,這種苦澀味,跟我吃吉康菜(比利時小白菜)時,味蕾的感覺是一樣的。

核桃是另一種令我陶醉的食物。最近媳婦在「好士多」買了四磅裝的帶殼核桃,我每天晚上讀書、寫作累了,就敲兩顆核桃吃,有時還特地到博愛路「十字軒」買一塊烏豆沙餅,回家切成一小塊一小塊配核桃,啊,真是人間美味。

自從攝護腺出了狀況,我就不停地被告知多食番茄以及南瓜湯。而我愛吃正宗的羅宋湯,配以法國麵包,總讓人垂涎三尺。而番茄配起士,是喝紅酒最好的配料。年少時候,在西門町常到粵式餐廳吃一道番茄牛肉飯,牛肉之嫩,只有廣東師傅做得到,現在吃不到火候這麼講究的菜和飯了。
世界上好吃的東西真多,特別是裝在玻璃瓶裡的醃漬小黃瓜。我曾經從赫爾辛基,辛苦地把兩瓶合我口味的醃漬小黃瓜帶回家,一次只捨得吃一小口,因為我知道,吃完之後再也買不到了。

對了,還有棗子,各種紅棗都會讓我吃不停,作家荊棘以前住新墨西哥州時,她家有一棵大棗樹,我用她寄來的紅棗切成細絲煎蛋吃——是謂紅棗蛋也,蛋有一百種吃法,有了我這道私房菜,必須改成「蛋的一百零一種吃法」了。

不快樂的廚師,煮不出好吃的菜。為了人人有口福,我們必須祈求國泰民安,讓開餐廳的業者有錢可賺,讓廚師笑口常開。

活到老的快樂是因為可以吃到老,而吃的學問永遠學不完,如何吃得健康,如何讓食物變成一首又一首的詩,哦,你說我怎麼會不忙碌呢?何況,圍在我身邊的還有看不完的電影和讀不完的書。

砂山 發表在 痞客邦 PIXNET 留言(0) 人氣()

1 234
找更多相關文章與討論