目前日期文章:201101 (4)

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      一位美國學者指出,玩社群網站是一種「現代形式瘋狂」(modern form of madness)的行為,任由科技主導生活,最後會脫離現實、失去人性。(圖/取自英國《每日電訊報》)國際中心/綜合報導

美國國務院發言人玩推特(Twitter)外交,我們馬總統也要開臉書專頁;不過,一位美國學者指出,玩社群網站是一種「現代形式瘋狂」(modern form of madness)的行為,任由科技主導生活,最後會脫離現實、失去人性。

麻省理工學院(MIT)教授雪莉特克(Sherry Turkle)的新書《Alone Together》(一起孤獨)寫道,現在大多數人會做的事情,過去可能會被認定是病態行為(pathological behaviour),社群網站營造了人際更好的溝通,其實這是錯覺,實際上卻讓人們更加孤立,例如,她在一場喪禮進行中,竟看到有人盯著iPhone。

特克舉例,英國布萊頓(Brighton)42歲婦女西蒙巴克(Simone Back)得了憂鬱症,去年耶誕節在臉書上留言她要自殺,但她超過1000個「朋友」卻置若罔聞,甚至還有人用嘲諷的語氣留言,即使有「朋友」住在她家附近也不去瞧瞧,最後她真的自殺身亡。

特克的這本書在美國獲得極大的迴響,她之前也有一本極受矚目的作品《The Second Self and Life on the Screen》(螢幕上第二個自我和生活)。

 NOWnews 今日新聞網 http://www.nownews.com/2011/01/25/91-2684597.htm#ixzz1C0mRJBg9

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所有橡皮擦在出生時,都會聽到母親的告誡
"橡皮擦啊~是為了消去人類的錯誤而存在的"
剛出生的小橡皮擦又新又亮
竭盡自己的全力,耗損自己的身體
一遍又一遍的消去主人的錯誤
直到身上被劃滿記號,充滿著被主人同學所割傷的痕跡
在某次考試主人折半橡皮擦借給心愛的人所留下的傷痕
每次使用而在表面上留下的污損
即使如此,從出生開始就不停的,抹去人類的錯誤
直到那天
主人漸漸的不再使用自己
身軀已經縮小到難以使用的地步,明明就已經無法再擦掉任何錯誤
主人卻還是把自己留在鉛筆盒裡
"橡皮擦啊~是為了消去人類的錯誤而存在的"
心裡響起母親的耳語
如果自己還待在這裡,主人就無法修正自己的錯誤
橡皮擦拖起殘破的身體
默默的走向了,位於漆黑深處的橡皮擦之墳
"這樣一來,主人就必須去買新的橡皮擦了"
默默想著的橡皮擦,身體因為強行移動而更加殘破
"沒辦法被使用到最後,真可惜~"
"即使如此,我的一生沒有絲毫毀恨"
留下了最後一句話,橡皮擦就這樣消失到主人在也找不到的地方
"奇怪!橡皮擦怎麼無緣無故的不見?"
是否你也曾經講過這句話?
在說這句話時,是否有種寞落感?
放心吧!
橡皮擦在天堂裡,也正被幸福的使用著

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Fox News Reporter Sally Arthy was in court today for the preliminary hearing of Michael Jackson’s Doctor Conrad Murray. Here are her notes from inside the courtroom.

There are no definite witnesses in court today
Judge goes through court proceedings regarding photographs etc/comings and goings/cell phones
There is a lottery for public seating each morning
Judge Walden opening statement 0910
7-8 Day hearing
20-30 witnesses
Show Michael Jackson preparing for important tour in U.K.
Major world event also important for MJ career
MJ crew rehearsal at Staples Centre in the evening
Defendant Murray working as personal psychologist, preventative treated
Murray treating MJ at home in Holmby Hills
Murray going late evening-midnight-1am at night and provide care..6 nights a week at MJ home giving Propofol to help MJ sleep for 2 straight months every night
No indication Propofol can be used for sleep aide
TIMELINE:
June 23rd 2009..MJ normal routine to Staples Centre..rehearsal fabulous
June 24 same routine good rehearsal at staples..MJ optimistic
Returns home at 1am June 25th
Murray’s BMW car in driveway according to security
MJ dropped off at home
June 25
1:30am Court learned through evidence that Murray began treatment
2:00am valium pill administered
3:00am Intravenous diazebeem, IV of benzso
5:00am other treatment
7:30am other drugs through IV
10:40-11am infusing with propofol..at some point he ceases to breathe and dies after that
MJ dead before paramedics arrived
Only 2 pepople in room at the time— MJ and Dr. Murray
11:51am call- lasted 11 mins..witness heard noises at other end of phone
Likely Conrad Murray who realized MJ was not breathing.
12:12pm Call by Murray to Michael Emeer Williams, security, saying he needs help..left a message.
12:15pm Williams returns call and Murray says MJ had a bad reaction.
Williams calls another member of security who is not at house.
12:17pm Williams then calls Alberto Alvarez who is in second trailer outside house, checks permission to go in house, goes upstairs to MJ’s bedroom.
He Sees MJ on bed, Murray doing one handed CPR on the soft bed.
Murray reports MJ had a bad reaction and asks Alvarez to collect medical evidence.
Prosecution says Murray has still not called 911 at this point.
12:21pm Alvarez told to get a bag and Murray collects medical bottles, and IV bag etc., as told and only then is he told to call 911.
Possible that Murray waited 20 minutes to call 911...MJ could have been dead before noon.
12:26pm Paramedics treating MJ on site. MJ’s Eyes fixed and dilated and he was cool to touch. He flatlined so heart action taking place. MJ dead...no observation of appropriate equipment for treatment with propofol, according to paramedics.
Asked Murray about underlying medical condition.
Murray asked what drugs he had given...doesn't mention propofol
Prosecutors says this could have been useful.
UCLA medical center advised futher care on MJ useless..they in contact with paramedics.
1:07pm Paramedics transport to UCLA with MJ
1:13pm Arrive in ER room.
Doctors at hospital only asked Murray what he treating MJ for. Mentioned on drug, valium and flomax..no mention of propofol to UCLA doctors.
Doctors still tried to bring MJ to life.
2:26pm Dr. Cooper at UCLA pronounced MJ dead.
Murray had conversation with security personnel at hospital.
Detectives question Murray next day and then learned of propofol.
Autopsy - acute propofol intoxication
Court will hear from medical experts...extreme deviation from expected standard of care...
Key points made by Prosecution:
-Lack of appropriate equipment
-Propofol doesn't help imsomnia
-Cocktail of drugs
-Ineffective CPR
-Failure to call 911 immediately
-Failure to maintain appropriate medical records

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End of opening statement from prosecution
No opening statement from defense.
Kenny Ortega called to stand.
Kenneth Ortega states name.
Told to speak in loud voice
Walden starts questions:
Job?
Director and Choreographer in theatrical production
How long?
Chore since 1970’s and director since 1980’s
First meet MJ?
1991
MJ interested in creative partnership and directing tour dangerous world tour which Ortega did.
1991-2009 relationship?
Most of time when rehearsing production..MJ looking to do something at right time when appropriate..most time spent working together.
This is it tour...did u discuss w MJ?
Talks started April 2009...MJ and me co-directed productions.
April interaction from then on with MJ?
3-4 days a week before prod then 4-5 days when rehearsing per week
MJ demeanor?
Called and invited..great about this ...like u to work with me...excited about it...tremendous potential to be creative..MJ shared reasons for wanting to do it.
Reason?
Good time to perform again, his kids appreciate it, for his fans, remind people to take care of planet and each other.
Plans beyond tour
MJ asked about going to India....wanted Ortega to go..MJ asked if Ortega had visited Japan...taking show to these places.
Professionally...MJ post tour?
After tour MJ wanted to help direct with Ortega on motion pictures. MJ liked film making and wanted to dev movie ideas.
Rehearsals prior to June 25...were u at rehearsals at Burbank at start before moved to staples?
Yes...at beginging of May and April.
Transitioned to forum in L.A. in June...then to staples..large scale rehearsals.
Yes
U on staples every day?
Yes
When start staples?
At some point in June moved to staples
Demeanour of MJ at staples...excited?
Yes
General schedual at staples?
Diff call times for crew, dancers, MJ etc
What mj sched?
Late pm
Evening?
Yes
Length?
6 hours max...4 days a week
MJ involved in every creative decision.
Friday June 19 2009...incident at rehearsal...what?
Ortega: at staples..MJ arrived he didn't appear well at all. MJ chilled soft spoken seemed not well...
Did u have concerns?
Absolutely
He wasn't in condition to be at rehearsal..he didn't seem well enough to be there...he didn't rehearse and didn’t want to go home..asked for choreography to do his part and watch from arena..this happened for a while. He just appeared very lost it was scary..it felt scary..said MJ
Asked--would you rather go home..he said would u be ok with that..Ortega said absolutely.
Previously like this?
Meeting next day at MJ home on June 20th.
Did u know what meeting about? No
Who there?
MJ there. Murray there (Ortega asked to i.d. Murray in court)...Frank Deleo MJ manager and Randy Phillips.
What next?
Quickly clear meeting about me that Murray upset I had sent MJ home and not allow to rehearse and voiced my concerns about MJ health..Murray said not my responsibility..to leave MJ’s health to him
Murray scolding towards me...
Response?
Tried to explain..choice made together...MJ in danger and others if went on stage..it was MJ’s choice and I supported it.
Better for all if I focus on show
MJ physically and emotionally fine according to Murray.
Tues June 23 rehearsals resumed. How was this?
Fantastic, MJ in great form..MJ we all knew...
Weds june 24?
Involved active participation in rehearsal...
Discussion at end w MJ...?
2 wonderful days of rehearsing...was feeling good and confident..MJ asked if happy? He said was happy..MJ said he was happy..asked to thank crew for all hard work and talked regarding next days rehearsal..
Practicing illusion..
Said goodnight
Thurs june 25
Learned news of MJ
Had phone call to Staples....
I was on way to rehearsal and Randy going to pick up MJ for rehearsal..Randy said calling for different reason and I am at house for different reason there is ambulance outside
Prosecution finished:
Chernoff cross examine Ortega:
Tour would enhance your reputation?
If dancers etc
If u created show was poor
Would that affect reputation?
It could
Meeting at house..who called meeting?
I don't know.
Why manager there?
Who is Randy Phillips...high up in AEG?
On 19th observed MJ to be chilled. First time MJ came to rehearsal and looked sick?
First time came and looked like he couldn’t perform?
Yes
For most part we were headed to greatness...but MJ sometimes didn't show up..created anxiety for me...difficult to move forward...if not there
Why not present?
Don't know
19 June: anything else observed?
Ortega: seemed to be in state that he wasn’t present...I was troubled by his appearance.

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一旦穿過孔眼,繫上繩索,如果妳真的是河姆渡人的後代,就會聽到祖先踢躂的木屐聲,在多雨的江南忙碌著一天的生活……

木屐聲,踢躂在我溫馨的童年回憶裡,佇足於我寂寥的鄉愁中。

上大學時認識了一位從香港來台灣的僑生,她對台灣的一切多有批評。那時台灣處於長期「戒嚴」狀態,她說在香港能自由閱讀魯迅、巴金等人的著作,我當然十分羨慕,但她對台灣其他的批評我卻多不以為然。記得最清楚的,是她抱怨宿舍裡同學們踢躂的木屐聲,而對自己的高跟鞋回響於長廊的叮咚聲則毫無檢點。當時只覺得她太自我中心了,現在回想起來,她趾高氣揚的態度其實是不自覺的,用設想的殖民者的價值觀來看自己的文化,了解了她也幫助我自省是否也常戴著「東方主義」的眼鏡來看自己同胞的一舉一動。

文化沒有純粹的,就像沒有純種的人種。木屐在形成我個人的、微小的文化世界裡扮演著一個傳粉的小精靈。

我十歲時,家從台北搬到屏東,在那以前,台北是我唯一認識的城市,我生活的小天地裡多是大陸來的外省人。那時沒有冷氣,當南下的火車經過北回歸線時,天氣驟然變熱,我突然感覺到世界的廣大,興奮得像匹脫韁的馬,神魂早已奔向了那個新的、未知的城市。在我的眼裡屏東和台北像兩個不同的國度,大人說那是「和風」,日本的文化。在屏東,我第一次穿上木屐,赤裸的、稚嫩的雙腳磨擦於塑料寬帶和木板之間並不舒服,但覺得很美,不下於「灰姑娘」穿上了玻璃鞋。在院子裡踢踢躂躂的練習了幾天就神氣的穿著它上街,覺得自己不再是外來的人了。後來還能穿著木屐騎單車,而且不是普通的騎法,因為小人騎大車,人在車左方,右腳要從車桿下的三角形空間伸到右方的踏板上才能騎上車,至於歪在一邊的小身體如何平衡偌大的單車,回想起來簡直不可思議。

記得男子多穿人字帶夾腳的木屐,最神氣的一種是有前、後屐齒的高架木屐,下雨時配上棕櫚的簑衣,十分瀟灑。我很想有一件那樣披肩式的簑衣,但大人說棕櫚扎人,未能如願。青年男子有時腳上穿著這種高架木屐、身上穿著西裝,這種裝扮也是被後來那位僑生同學所不齒的,其實她在台北看到的還不過是非高架式的普通木屐。對外來的事物拿來怎麼用並不一定要原封不動,怎麼合用就怎麼用,本民族拿外民族的文化產物本已失了「真」,西裝配革履也不能變成外民族。

文字記載有屐齒的木屐在漢朝就已出現,《廣雅》說:「屐者,以木為之,而施兩齒,可以踐泥。」最為騷人墨客津津樂道的是宋人謝靈運發明的有活動屐齒的木屐,上山去前齒,下山去後齒。馬遠的〈雪屐觀梅圖〉將屐的物形和功用用視覺藝術含蓄的展現在畫中。感性充沛的李白觀物則情動:「一雙金齒屐,兩足白如霜。」不禁使我聯想到一雙埃及古墓(三千四百多年前的新王國時期)出土的,銀子打成的平底夾腳涼鞋,當它穿在那位古埃及公主飽吸陽光、骨骼修長優美的兩足,又該是如何的動人。

土耳其人在澡堂沐浴時趿一種木製拖鞋,它給十五世紀的歐洲女人時裝帶來靈感,開始流行一種與我小時看到的高架木屐極其相似的木屐,名為「鞦平」(chopine 音譯)。早先是妓女穿著,後來盛行於貴族女子中,競相爭高,屐齒的高度象徵社交、身分的高低。齒高可以達到五十厘米,像踩高蹺,要有侍者攙扶或用拐杖支撐才能走路。莎士比亞在《哈姆雷特》中就用「經度」來取笑這種高蹺鞋子的高度。女人啊,女人,怎能讓這樣荒誕的時裝流行了兩個世紀!

我童年時在屏東盛行的木屐顯然是「和」文化的遺風,但並不證明當年先人東渡時沒有將中華木屐帶來台灣。在中國南方多雨之地,如閩、粵在二十世紀初葉還有人穿木屐。世上現存最早的木屐是在浙江慈城出土的兩件,它們屬於距今五千多年前的河姆渡文化。在日本,最早的木屐發現於北九州吉野里遺址的彌生文化(大約在兩千四百年前,相當於中國的春秋時代)。由於此遺址和其遺物與河姆渡文化,以及在如今寧波發現的春秋土墩石室墓極其相似,許多中、日學者認為此遺址的主人就是由華夏東渡來日的江南人。

河姆渡遺址在如今的浙江省餘姚市。餘姚是我父親的故鄉,但是我有河姆渡人的血源嗎?或是十足的中原南遷的後代?而中原的人又是哪樣的血源呢?兩只木屐,在地下沉睡了五千年,當年繩索穿過的孔眼完好如初,睜睜的打量著我這可疑的河姆渡人的後代,似乎想要告訴我一個祕密:「一旦穿過孔眼,繫上繩索,如果妳真的是河姆渡人的後代,就會聽到祖先踢躂的木屐聲,在多雨的江南忙碌著一天的生活。」

【2011/01/05 聯合報】

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